Historic Tech Events
The Manchester Small-Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM), also known as the "Baby," was a groundbreaking invention in the history of computing. Developed by Frederic C. Williams, Tom Kilburn, and Geoff Tootill at the Victoria University of Manchester in 1948, the SSEM was the world's first stored-program computer. It utilized a new design that allowed the computer to store its program in its memory, making it much faster and more efficient than previous computing machines. The Baby was able to perform basic arithmetic operations and demonstrated the potential for computers to revolutionize industries such as science, engineering, and commerce. Despite its limited capabilities, the Baby laid the foundation for the development of modern computers and paved the way for advancements in computing that have transformed the world we live in today
Cyrus McCormick was an American inventor and businessman who is credited with the invention of the mechanical reaper, which revolutionized the process of harvesting crops. McCormick's reaper used a series of gears and blades to cut and gather grain, increasing the efficiency of the harvest and reducing the amount of labor required. McCormick patented his invention on June 21, 1834, and began manufacturing and selling the reapers from his factory in Virginia. The mechanical reaper quickly became popular among farmers, and helped to transform agriculture in the United States and around the world.
IBM's "STRETCH" supercomputer, which was one of the most powerful computers in the world when it was introduced in the 1960s, was retired in 1981. The STRETCH computer was a significant advancement in computing technology at the time of its introduction, with impressive features such as the use of a semiconductor and a memory capacity of up to 768 kilobytes. The STRETCH computer was primarily used for scientific research, military simulations, and aerospace applications. It played a crucial role in the United States' space program and was used to design and test the Apollo spacecraft that carried astronauts to the moon. However, as newer and more powerful computers were developed, the STRETCH computer became outdated. IBM had also introduced newer models, such as the System/360, which were better suited to meet the growing demands of the computing industry.
In 2005, using the Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers discovered two new moons orbiting Pluto. These moons were initially designated S/2005 P 1 and S/2005 P 2, but in 2006, they were officially named Nix and Hydra. Nix, the smaller of the two moons, was named after the Greek goddess of darkness and night. Hydra, the larger moon, was named after the nine-headed serpent from Greek mythology. The naming process was conducted through an international contest held by the International Astronomical Union. Nix and Hydra are irregularly shaped, and they are believed to be composed of a mixture of rock and ice. They orbit Pluto in the outermost region of its system, with Nix at a distance of approximately 48,700 kilometers from Pluto, and Hydra at a distance of approximately 64,800 kilometers. The discovery of these two new moons was significant because it expanded our knowledge of the Pluto system. It provided astronomers with new insights into the formation and evolution of Pluto and its moons. In addition, the discovery of these two moons sparked renewed interest in Pluto and its system, leading to the historic flyby of the New Horizons spacecraft in 2015. The flyby provided the first detailed images and measurements of Pluto and its moons, including Nix and Hydra.