paint-brush
Top 10 Programming Languages for Beginnersby@deewyne
3,756 reads
3,756 reads

Top 10 Programming Languages for Beginners

by Daniel YerimahJanuary 29th, 2023
Read on Terminal Reader
Read this story w/o Javascript

Too Long; Didn't Read

Programming languages are sets of instructions that a computer can understand and execute. They are used to create software applications, websites, and other digital products. Java, Python, C++, JavaScript, C#, and PHP are some of the most popular programming languages. Each language has its own strengths and weaknesses, and the right language for a particular project will depend on the specific requirements.
featured image - Top 10 Programming Languages for Beginners
Daniel Yerimah HackerNoon profile picture

What is Programming?

Programming languages are sets of instructions that a computer can understand and execute. They are used to create software applications, websites, and other digital products. Programming languages provide a set of rules and conventions that developers follow to write and structure their code, as well as a set of built-in functions and libraries that can be used to perform common tasks.


There are many different programming languages, each with its own unique syntax, features, and applications. Some of the most popular programming languages include Java, Python, C++, JavaScript, C#, and PHP. Each language has its own strengths and weaknesses, and the right language for a particular project will depend on the specific requirements and goals of that project.


In general, programming languages are essential tools for developers, allowing them to create complex, functional software applications and other digital products. They are the building blocks of the digital world, and learning to code is an increasingly valuable skill in today's world.


How to Choose the Right Programming Language for Beginners

There are many different programming languages to choose from, and it can be difficult to know which one is the right fit for your needs. Here are some tips to help you choose the right programming language:


Identify your goals: What do you want to achieve with your code? Are you building a website, a mobile app, a desktop application, or something else? Different languages are better suited to different types of projects, so it's important to have a clear idea of what you want to build before you start.


Research the options: Once you know what you want to build, research the different languages that are commonly used for that type of project. Look at their features, strengths, and weaknesses, and compare them to see which one is the best fit for your needs.


Consider your level of experience: If you are a beginner, you may want to start with a language that is easy to learn and has a large community of users who can provide support and resources. If you are more experienced, you may want to choose a language that offers more advanced features and capabilities.


Don't be afraid to try something new: Don't be afraid to experiment with different languages and see which ones you enjoy working with. The more languages you try, the better you will understand their strengths and weaknesses, and the better you will be able to choose the right language for your needs.


In short, choosing the right programming language for your needs is a matter of understanding your goals, researching the available options, and considering your level of experience. Don't be afraid to experiment and try out different languages to see which ones you like best.


List of Programming Languages for Beginners

  1. HTML and CSS
  2. JavaScript
  3. Python
  4. Java
  5. C++
  6. C#
  7. Swift
  8. PHP
  9. Ruby
  10. Go


1. HTML and CSS


HTML and CSS are two of the most commonly used programming languages for building websites and web applications.


HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is a markup language that is used to structure and organize content on the web. It is the foundation of all web pages and is used to define the different elements on a page, such as headings, paragraphs, lists, and more.


CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is a stylesheet language that is used to add style and formatting to HTML content. It is used to control the appearance of elements on a web page, such as colors, fonts, layout, and more.


Together, HTML and CSS are essential tools for web development. HTML provides the structure and content of a web page, while CSS adds visual styling and formatting. Most web pages are built using a combination of HTML and CSS, and learning these languages is a valuable skill for any web developer.


2. JavaScript

JavaScript is a programming language that is commonly used for building interactive, dynamic websites and web applications. It is a client-side language, which means that it runs in the user's web browser rather than on the server.


JavaScript is a powerful language that can be used to create complex, interactive features on a web page, such as animations, games, and other user-interface elements. It is often used in combination with HTML and CSS to create modern, responsive web pages that are able to adapt to different devices and screen sizes.


JavaScript is also a versatile language that can be used for a wide variety of applications, from simple website enhancements to complex web-based applications. It is an essential tool for any web developer, and learning JavaScript is a valuable skill for anyone interested in web development.


3. Python

Python is a popular, high-level programming language that is widely used for building a variety of applications, including web applications, desktop applications, scientific applications, and more.


Python is known for its simplicity and readability, which makes it a great language for beginners to learn. It has a large, active community of users who contribute to a wide range of open-source libraries and frameworks that can be used to build powerful applications quickly and easily.


Python is also a versatile language that can be used for many different types of projects. It is commonly used for data analysis and machine learning and has a rich ecosystem of libraries and tools for working with data. It is also popular for building web applications, thanks to its powerful web frameworks and easy integration with other technologies.


Overall, Python is a versatile, easy-to-learn language that is widely used for building a variety of applications. It is a valuable skill for any programmer to have in their toolkit.


4. Java


Java is a popular programming language that is widely used for building a variety of applications. Java is known for its simplicity, reliability, and security, and it is used for developing a wide range of applications, including web-based, mobile, and enterprise applications. Java is an object-oriented language, which means that it is designed to work with objects that contain both data and behavior. This makes it easier to create modular and reusable code, which can save time and improve the reliability of your programs. Java is also platform-independent, which means that programs written in Java can run on any device or operating system that supports the Java runtime environment.


5. C++

C++ is a general-purpose programming language that was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in the early 1980s. C++ is known for its powerful and efficient performance, and it is widely used for building a variety of applications, including operating systems, games, and web browsers. C++ is an object-oriented language, which means that it is designed to work with objects that contain both data and behavior. This makes it easier to create modular and reusable code, which can save time and improve the reliability of your programs. C++ is also known for its low-level control over system resources, which makes it useful for developing performance-critical applications.


6. C#

C# (pronounced "C-sharp") is a programming language developed by Microsoft in the early 2000s. It is a modern, object-oriented language that is designed to be simple, safe, and powerful. C# is widely used for building a variety of applications, including web, mobile, desktop, and games. C# is part of the .NET framework, which provides a rich set of libraries and tools for building high-quality applications. C# is an object-oriented language, which means that it is designed to work with objects that contain both data and behavior. This makes it easier to create modular and reusable code, which can save time and improve the reliability of your programs. C# also supports functional and procedural programming paradigms, which gives you the flexibility to choose the best approach for your particular application.


7. Swift

Swift is a modern, fast, and safe programming language that is designed to be easy to read and write. Developed by Apple Inc. in 2014, Swift is widely used for building applications for Apple's platforms, including iOS, iPadOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS. Swift is an object-oriented language, which means that it is designed to work with objects that contain both data and behavior. This makes it easier to create modular and reusable code, which can save time and improve the reliability of your programs. Swift is also known for its strong type system, which helps prevent many common programming errors. In addition, Swift has built-in support for modern programming concepts such as closures and generics, which makes it easier to write sophisticated and reusable code.


8. PHP

PHP is a popular scripting language that is widely used for web development. It was originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994 and has since evolved into a powerful and flexible language. PHP is used on the server side of a web application to generate dynamic content, interact with databases, and manage user sessions. It is often used in conjunction with a database management system like MySQL and a web server like Apache or Nginx. PHP is known for its simplicity and ease of use, and it is often used in combination with HTML and CSS to create dynamic and interactive websites. PHP is also an interpreted language, which means that it is executed at runtime and does not need to be compiled before it is run. This makes it easy to quickly prototype and test new ideas.


9. Ruby

Ruby is a programming language that was developed in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro "Matz" Matsumoto. It is a dynamic, interpreted language that is known for its simplicity and ease of use. Ruby is often used for web development, and it is the language behind the popular Ruby on Rails web application framework. Ruby is an object-oriented language, which means that it is designed to work with objects that contain both data and behavior. This makes it easier to create modular and reusable code, which can save time and improve the reliability of your programs. Ruby is also known for its flexibility and support for multiple programming paradigms, including procedural, functional, and object-oriented. This gives you the freedom to choose the best approach for your particular application.


10. Go

Go is a programming language developed by Google in 2009. It is a statically-typed language that is designed to be simple, efficient, and easy to read and write. Go is widely used for building a variety of applications, including web servers, command-line tools, and distributed systems. Go is known for its concurrency support, which makes it easy to write programs that can execute multiple tasks concurrently and take advantage of modern multi-core processors. Go is also statically typed, which means that the type of a variable is known at compile time and checked by the compiler. This can help prevent many common programming errors, and it also makes it easy to write safe and efficient code.


Still on the Fence About Starting Your Coding Journey? Here’s Why Learning to Code is Important


Learning to code is important for a number of reasons. First and foremost, coding is a valuable skill that can help you pursue a career in a variety of fields, including web development, software engineering, data science, and more. In today's job market, having a strong foundation in coding can give you a competitive edge and open up new opportunities for career advancement.


Additionally, learning to code can help you develop important problem-solving and critical-thinking skills. Coding involves breaking down complex problems into smaller, more manageable pieces and then finding creative solutions to those problems. This process can help you develop a logical and structured approach to problem-solving that can be applied in other areas of your life.


Furthermore, learning to code can also be a fun and rewarding hobby. There are countless online resources and communities that can help you learn to code and connect with other like-minded individuals. Coding can be a great way to learn new things, exercise your creativity, and build something you can be proud of.


Learning to code is important because it can help you pursue a fulfilling career, develop valuable problem-solving skills, and have fun along the way.

Conclusion

It is important to understand that no programming language is better than another. The choice of programming language depends on the problem you need to solve. Each programming language has a unique application where its strength is optimized. However, as a beginner, you do not have to learn everything. One or two of these languages with HTML/CSS is enough to get you started and land you a job in the industry.

The Importance of Continuing to Learn and Improve Your Programming Skills

Continuing to learn and improve your coding skills is important for a number of reasons. First and foremost, the field of programming is constantly evolving, with new languages, frameworks, and tools being developed all the time. In order to stay relevant and competitive in the job market, it's important to keep up with these developments and continuously improve your skills.


Additionally, as you gain more experience and expertise in coding, you will be able to tackle more complex problems and build more sophisticated applications. This can open up new opportunities for career advancement and allow you to take on more challenging and rewarding projects.


Furthermore, continuing to learn and improve your skills can also help you stay motivated and engaged in your work. Learning new things and pushing yourself to the next level can be a great way to keep your mind sharp and prevent burnout.


In a nutshell, continuing to learn and improve your coding skills is essential for staying competitive in the job market, advancing your career, and staying engaged in your work. It's an ongoing process that should be a priority for any programmer.

Tips for Finding Online Resources and Learning Materials for Beginner Languages


There are many online resources and learning materials available for programming languages. Here are some tips for finding these resources:


  1. Search online: The first step is to search for online resources and learning materials for the specific language you want to learn. You can use a search engine like Google to find tutorials, courses, and other materials that are relevant to the language you want to learn.


  2. Check out official websites: Many programming languages have official websites that provide detailed information about the language, as well as links to tutorials, documentation, and other learning materials. These websites can be a great starting point for learning a new language.


  3. Join online communities: There are many online communities and forums dedicated to programming languages, where you can connect with other developers, ask questions, and share tips and advice. These communities can be a great source of support and guidance as you learn a new language.


  4. Use online courses and tutorials: There are many online courses and tutorials available that can teach you the basics of a programming language. These courses are often structured and easy to follow and can provide a solid foundation for learning a new language.


  5. Consider in-person classes: If you prefer a more structured, in-person learning environment, you may want to consider taking a class or workshop on the language you want to learn. These classes can be a great way to learn from experienced instructors and get hands-on experience with the language.


In short, there are many online resources and learning materials available for programming languages. By searching online, checking out official websites, joining online communities, using online courses and tutorials, and considering in-person classes, you can find the resources and support you need to learn a new programming language.


Programming Books for Beginners

HackerNoon has compiled lists of the best books for coding newbies to get started with. Check them out here:


  1. Best Go Programming Books
  2. Best Python Programming Books
  3. Best JavaScript Programming Books