How to Copy Files From One Directory to Another Using the Java 7 NIO 2 API by@javinpaul

How to Copy Files From One Directory to Another Using the Java 7 NIO 2 API

There was no file copy method in the Java API until Java 7**. Java 7 has evolved now and you have a decent API to copy files from one directory to another. In this article, I'll show you both the pre-Java code and post Java 7 code which makes this task a lot easier. Copying File from directory to other before Java 7 was a life save those days and even today. The Apache Commons' FileUtils class is used to copy a file from a directory to a new location preserving file timestamp.
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Javin Paul

I am Java programmer, blogger on http://javarevisited.blogspot.com and http://java67.com

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Hello folks, I have been programming in Java for a long time and you won't believe but there was no file copy method in the Java API until Java 7.


At that time, our options were either write it ourselves, using a FileInputStream, a FileOutputStream and a buffer to copy bytes from one to the other - or better yet, use the **FileChannel.transferTo() **method or just use the Apache Commons' FileUtils which was a life save those days and even today.


JDK has evolved now and you have a decent API to copy files from one directory to another.


In this article, I'll show you both the pre-Java code for copying files from one directory to another as well post Java 7 code which makes this task a lot easier.


1. Copying File from Directory to other before Java 7

Dependency: Apache Commons IO

1. FileUtils.copyFile(File source, File destination)

This method copies a file to a new location preserving file timestamp. This method copies the contents of the specified source file to the specified destination file. The directory holding the destination file is created if it does not exist. If the destination file exists, then this method will overwrite it.

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;
/*** Java program to copy a file from one directory to another e.g. from src to dest
 ** @author Javin*/
public class FileCopyDemo {
    public static void main(String args[]) {
        // Using Apache Commons FileUtils class
        File srcFile = new File("bin/HelloWorld.class");
        File destFile = new File("target/HelloWorld.class");
        try {
            FileUtils.copyFile(srcFile, destFile);
            System.out.println("File successfully copied in Java");
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}
Output: System.out.println("File successfully copied in Java");

1.2 Copies a file to a directory preserving the timestamp

This method copies the contents of the specified source file to a file of the same name in the specified destination directory. The destination directory is created if it does not exist. If the destination file exists, then this method will overwrite it.

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;
/*** Java program to copy a file from one directory to another like from src to dest
 ** @author Javin Paul*/
public class Testing {
    public static void main(String args[]) {
        // Using Apache Commons FileUtils class
        File srcFile = new File("bin/HelloWorld.class");
        File destDir = new File("target");
        try {
            FileUtils.copyFileToDirectory(srcFile, destDir);
            System.out.println("File successfully copied to destination directory in Java");
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}
Output: File successfully copied to destination directory in Java

2. Copying Files from One Directory to Another using Java 7 NIO 2 API

In Java 7, there is a standard method to copy files in Java:

Files.copy.

It integrates with O/S native I/O for high performance.

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import static java.nio.file.StandardCopyOption.*;
import static java.nio.file.LinkOption.*; /*** Java program to copy file using Java 7 Files.copy() method** @author Javin Paul*/
public class FileCopyDemo {
    public static void main(String args[]) {
        try {
            Path bytes = Files.copy(new Java.io.File("bin/HelloWorld.class").toPath(), new java.io.File("target/HelloWorld.class").toPath(), REPLACE_EXISTING, COPY_ATTRIBUTES, NOFOLLOW_LINKS);
            System.out.println("File successfully copied using Java 7 way");
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch blocke.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}


You can also copy files in Java by writing code using FileInputStream and FileOuputStream, but that's just not required, given you have Java 7 installed.


Alternatively Apache commons IO FileUtils class is also handy. For high-speed file copy and transfer, you can also take advantage of the java.nio and FileChannel class but beware that there is a bug in Windows, which prevents you to transfer more than 64GB of channel data. Windows bug around the transferFrom not able to copy streams larger than 64MB in one piece?


Other Java Programming Articles you May like:


Thanks for reading this article so far. If you like this Java tutorial, then please share it with your friends and colleagues. If you have any questions or feedback, then please drop a note.

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Javin Paul HackerNoon profile picture
by Javin Paul @javinpaul.I am Java programmer, blogger on http://javarevisited.blogspot.com and http://java67.com
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