Glossary of Security Terms: Cryptographyby@mozilla
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Glossary of Security Terms: Cryptography

by Mozilla ContributorsAugust 24th, 2020
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Mozilla (stylized as moz://a) is a free software community founded in 1998 by members of Netscape. The science that studies how to encode and transmit messages securely is the science of cryptology. Mozilla is an open-source software community that focuses on free software and web services. The Mozilla community was founded by Netscape members of the Netscape software company in 1998. The community is based on Mozilla's open source software, the Firefox browser, and the Firefox web browser.

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Cryptography, or cryptology, is the science that studies how to encode and transmit messages securely. Cryptography designs and studies algorithms used to encode and decode messages in an insecure environment, and their applications.

More than just data confidentiality, cryptography also tackles identification, authentication, non-repudiation, and data integrity.

Therefore it also studies usage of cryptographic methods in context, cryptosystems.

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