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A full-stack development professional is the one who is having sound technical knowledge of each and every aspect of development — front end, back end, various operating systems among other details of the technology. These people are usually termed as “developer generalists”. The significant thing to be noted here is that full-stack developers should not be confused with senior developers.
In nutshell, this stack of developers can create any complex application from scratch, provided they would have understood how each technical layer should interact with the other.
The developer or the agency would be able to create a unique code for multiple technologies; as they could work with various kinds of software tools that are complex as well as simple. This would give an extra edge to the company or organization opting for full-stack development.
A full-stack development professional would be proficient in innumerous programs like JS, HTML, PHP, CSS, etc. among many others. H/she would be proficient to work with all these programs and incorporate well into the site design. It would be an ad-on to the capabilities of the full-stack developer if h/she knows how to work with animation and graphics. Some professionals would also be able to convert complex Photoshop designs to front end code. This will reduce the dependency of the organization on various technical professionals, thereby, enhancing their business efficiency.
What are basic requirements to be a full stack developer?
1.Front End Development
2. Back End Development
While front-end is the part of the application the user sees, the back end is often the mystical part that remains unseen. It handles the database operations, user authentication and application logic (Yeah, all the complicated things!). There are multiple languages that are used in Back End Development such as Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, NodeJs, etc. While every developer claims that their favorite language is the best, all of these languages have a market demand for suitable projects.
How can application be managed without data? Well, nothing at all!
And that’s why a database is the most important part of any application as it is required to store and access the data. So a Full Stack Web Developer needs to know the divide between Relational and NoSQL databases to understand the situations in which each would be useful. They should also be familiar with databases of each type such as MySQL, MongoDB, etc. In addition to all this, knowledge of caching options such as Redis, Memcached, and Varnish would only be a plus!
4. Version Control System
There are multiple versions of an application. Now, what if a particular version needs to be recalled? That’s where the Version Control System comes in. It’s basically a system that records the changes made to the application files over time so that specific versions can be recalled later if required.
Git, in particular, is a Version Control System System that can be used to obtain the latest code, update parts of the code, and change other people’s code as well without creating a major mess of things!!!
A stack is a collection of various programs that are used together to obtain the required result. It includes an operating system and its application.
The choice of a stack for a Full Stack Web Developer depends entirely on the individual career goals, current project, company requirement, etc. However, some of the most famous stacks are given below for reference.
1. LAMP stack
The LAMP stack is a very famous(and illuminating!) stack that is the foundation of Linux hosted websites. It has four major components that are given as follows:
2. MEAN stack
3. MERN stack
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