The easiest way to install Node is to head over to NodeJS’s website and download the LTS version.
The LTS version is good enough for most users. I use LTS myself.
The current version is the latest available version. Developers will be making changes and creating libraries on this version. If you use Current, be prepared to run into bugs.
Once you downloaded and installed Node, you should be able to use the
node command and the
npm command. You can add
-v to each of these commands to see their respective versions.
node -v npm -v
You want to have the flexibility to upgrade and downgrade Node easily if you’re going to work with Node.
The simplest way is to use npm (node default package manager), to install a package
n. Let’s install a specific version of Node easily.
You can install
n with the following command.
sudo npm install n -g
-g flag here stands for
global. It lets you use the
n command everywhere.
Once you have installed
n, you can use the following commands to install different versions of Node.
sudo n lts— installs the LTS version
sudo n latest— installs the latest version
sudo n install <num>— Installs a specific version on Node. Here, you only need to provide the first number. (To get the latest version of
16.xx.yy, you can simply write 16).
Node’s version numbers are written with a standard called Semver.
You’re not limited to using
n to upgrade or downgrade Node. There are other package managers available and you can choose the one you like.
Also published here.