Hyperverse, 5-dimensional Gravity and Multiverses: Conclusion & References by@multiversetheory

Hyperverse, 5-dimensional Gravity and Multiverses: Conclusion & References

tldt arrow

Too Long; Didn't Read

One century ago Kaluza and Klein constructed a 5-dimensional gravitation theory unified with electromagnetism.
featured image - Hyperverse, 5-dimensional Gravity and Multiverses:  Conclusion & References
Multiverse Theory: as real as the movies make it out to be HackerNoon profile picture

This paper is available on arxiv under CC 4.0 license.


(1) Igor Yu. Potemine, Institut de Math´ematiques, Universit´e Paul Sabatier.

12 Conclusion

It turns out that nested Gogberashvili shells represent good models for multiverses inside the Hyperverse.

In this paper we have restrained the Hyperverse to its local (4 + 1)- dimensional stratum. However, similar solutions exist in all dimensions d + 1 with d > 2. In fact, we can construct an infinite tower of embedded Gogberashvili multiverses of various dimensions.

An alternative approach is given by Robinson-Trautman metrics describing expanding spacetimes and spherical gravitational waves. It provides us with an intriguing idea to consider supermassive astronomical black holes as expanding (2 + 1)-dimensional multiverses (with possible higher strata too).

It might give new angles of view on the black hole growth, the cosmological coupling, relativistic jets and even on the classification of galaxies.


[1] V. Rubakov and M. Shaposhnikov. Extra space-time dimensions: Towards a solution to the cosmological constant problem. Physics Letters B, 125(2-3):139–143, 1983.

[2] M. Gogberashvili. Our world as an expanding shell. Europhysics Letters, 7(3):396–399, 2000.

[3] I. Potemine. The amalgamated structure of the Local Multiverse. Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, 7(4):1213–1218, 2021.

[4] K. Alvi. Approximate binary-black-hole metric. Physical Review D, 61(12-15), 2000.

[5] J. Podolsky, R. Svarc, and H. Maeda. All solutions of Einstein’s equations in 2+1 dimensions: Λ-vacuum, pure radiation, or gyratons. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 36, 2019.

[6] I. Robinson and A. Trautman. Spherical gravitational waves. Physical Review Letters, 8(4):431–432, 1960.

7] J. Podolsky and R. Svarc. Gyratons in the Robinson–Trautman and Kundt classes. Physical Review D, 99, 2019.

[8] T.X. Zhang. The principles and laws of black hole universe. Journal of Modern Physics, 9(9):1838–1865, 2018.

[9] Y. Bisabr. Gravitational coupling and the cosmological constant. International Journal of Modern Physics D, 27(8), 2018.

[10] K. Croker, M. Zevin, D. Farrah, K. Nishimura, and G. Tarl´e. Cosmologically coupled compact objects: A single-parameter model for LIGO–Virgo mass and redshift distributions. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 921(2), 2021.