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Decentralization, as it relates to data storage, is focused on the transfer of authority from central entities to a p2p file storage system. Traditional storage systems rely on central authorities to store the world's data. Filecoin's decentralized storage network is designed with advanced cryptographic methods and an incentive mechanism to encourage mass-scale consumption of p2P-first solutions. We will explore the cryptographic methods that power the protocol design and consensus mechanisms and how they incentivize decentralized storage. Traditional data storage also have several other limitations including: system Vulnerabilities, system connectivity and bottlenecks of high traffic.