When you go camping, plan a move, or try to make something more complicated than a cup of coffee, you need a checklist. When you try to convince the whole planet that they need to use strange tokens in strange wallets, you definitely need one. So today I want to talk about global adoption and the barriers we need to overcome going forward. crypto According to the , roughly 69% of adults (3.8 billion) had access to banking services in the covered year. Measuring the number of people who use crypto is a bit harder since one person can have thousands of wallets. However, even if we use the , that’s still only 320 million people—a long road ahead. World Bank’s Annual Report 2018 most optimistic data Infrastructure: The Foundation for Success To achieve global adoption, cryptocurrencies must address critical infrastructure concerns. These include decentralization, transaction processing speed (TPS), and network stability. A. Decentralization: Decentralization is a fundamental principle of cryptocurrencies. It eliminates the need for intermediaries and central authorities, making transactions transparent and trustless. Achieving higher levels of decentralization remains a goal for many cryptocurrencies. This would enhance security and trust in the system, as it would become less susceptible to control or manipulation by any single entity. Usually, the level of decentralization is measured by the Nakamoto Coefficient. Basically, it’s the lowest number of validators that would need to collude in order to censor the network. Currently, the most decentralized blockchain is Solana, with a Nakamoto Coefficient of 31. Avalanche and Ethereum have 27 and 25, respectively. B. TPS and Stability: Transaction processing speed and network stability are essential for cryptocurrencies to be used in everyday transactions. Bitcoin, while decentralized, has faced scalability challenges, which have resulted in high transaction fees and slower processing times during peak usage. To address this issue, cryptocurrencies must explore solutions like Layer 2 scaling solutions (e.g., the Lightning Network for Bitcoin), sharding (as proposed for Ethereum), or usage of POS networks, which allow for the processing of thousands of transactions per second, with fees of less than a cent. C. Examples of Blockchain Failures: Learning from past blockchain failures is critical. Instances like the shutdown of the BitConnect lending platform or the DAO hack on the Ethereum blockchain highlight the need for better security and risk management practices. Solana blockchain was down ten times since its inception. While it’s normal at the early stages, blockchains won’t be able to afford even 1 second of downtime when getting closer to global adoption. Imagine if everyone suddenly couldn’t transfer money. Millions won’t get that morning coffee, a cab to work, or an important business transfer. Compliance: Bridging the Regulatory Gap Crypto markets need robust regulatory frameworks to attract institutional and individual investors alike. A. Legislation Improvement: The lack of clear and consistent regulations has been a major barrier to global adoption. Governments and regulatory bodies should work collaboratively to craft comprehensive legislation that promotes innovation while safeguarding consumers. Regulatory clarity can help remove uncertainty and attract more institutional investments. Countries like Switzerland, South Korea, and Hong Kong, which have implemented crypto-friendly regulations, have witnessed significant growth in crypto-related businesses. B. Compliance Tools: The development of compliance tools is vital for both B2C and B2B transactions. KYC (Know Your Customer) and AML (Anti-Money Laundering) solutions should be user-friendly and readily accessible for crypto businesses and users. Additionally, smart contract auditing services play a crucial role in ensuring that crypto transactions are legally compliant and secure. We are sure that with the growing popularity of crypto, more players will enter the market of crypto compliance services. C. Crypto Taxes: Taxation in the crypto space remains a complex issue, often leading to confusion for users. Governments should provide clear and comprehensive guidance on how cryptocurrencies are taxed. Businesses should also create tools that make it easy for users to calculate and report their crypto gains and losses for tax purposes. Paying your fiat taxes is already hard as it is; we don’t need to make it harder. Ease of Use: Simplifying the Crypto Experience To promote global adoption, cryptocurrencies must become more accessible and user-friendly. A. User Interface (UI): The user interface of crypto platforms and wallets should be designed with user-friendliness in mind. The complexities of blockchain technology should be hidden behind intuitive and aesthetically pleasing interfaces. Projects like MetaMask and Coinbase have made significant strides in creating user-friendly interfaces that guide users through the process of buying, storing, and using cryptocurrencies. The goal is to make crypto transactions as straightforward as traditional online banking. B. Wallet Names Instead of Addresses: Simplifying wallet addresses with human-readable names can reduce the risk of errors in transactions. Ethereum's Ethereum Name Service (ENS) and similar initiatives have shown that this can significantly improve user experience. For example, instead of sending funds to a long and complex alphanumeric address, users can send funds to a simple, memorable name like "JohnsCryptoWallet.eth." C. Crypto ATMs: The deployment of crypto ATMs around the world makes it easier for people to buy and sell cryptocurrencies in a physical location. These ATMs provide a bridge between the digital and physical worlds, fostering familiarity and trust in digital assets. Users can deposit cash and receive cryptocurrency directly into their wallets, making the process more accessible to those who may not be tech-savvy or comfortable with online exchanges. Conclusion The potential for cryptocurrency adoption on a global scale is enormous, but several challenges must be addressed. Improving infrastructure, enhancing compliance, and simplifying the user experience are vital steps to reach this goal. With continued innovation, regulatory support, and an unwavering focus on user-friendliness, cryptocurrencies can become a crucial part of our financial ecosystem, changing the way we think about and use money. Global adoption is on the horizon, and the crypto market is steadily working towards it. As these challenges are met and surpassed, we can expect cryptocurrencies to continue their journey toward global adoption.