paint-brush
A Deep Dive into LLaMA v2 for Chat Applicationsby@mikeyoung44
1,140 reads
1,140 reads

A Deep Dive into LLaMA v2 for Chat Applications

by Mike YoungJuly 19th, 2023
Read on Terminal Reader
Read this story w/o Javascript

Too Long; Didn't Read

A16z-infra's implementation of Meta's new [llama13b-v2-chat] chat model. Model is hosted on Replicate, an AI model hosting service that allows you to interact with complicated models with just a few lines of code or a simple API call. With a whopping 13 billion parameters, this model has been tailored significantly for chat applications.

People Mentioned

Mention Thumbnail
Mention Thumbnail
featured image - A Deep Dive into LLaMA v2 for Chat Applications
Mike Young HackerNoon profile picture


Think about the complexities of generating human-like responses in online chat applications. How can you make infrastructure efficient and responses realistic? The solution is AI language models. In this guide, we delve into the a16z-infra's implementation of Meta's new llama13b-v2-chat LLM, a 13-billion-parameter language model fine-tuned specifically for chat applications. This model is hosted on Replicate, an AI model hosting service that allows you to interact with complicated and powerful models with just a few lines of code or a simple API call.


In this guide, we'll cover what the llama13b-v2-chat model is all about, how to think about its inputs and outputs, and how to use it to create chat completions. We'll also walk you through how to find similar models to enhance your AI applications using AIModels.fyi. So let's slice through the AI jargon and get to the core.


Subscribe or follow me on Twitter for more content like this!

About the LLaMA-v2 chat model

The LLaMA13b-v2-chat model available on Replicate was created by the a16z-infra team and is built on top of Meta's new LLaMA v2 model. Meta created LLaMA with the aim of better understanding and generating human language, and the chat model we'll examine has been further fine-tuned to improve interactions between human users and AI chatbots. With a whopping 13 billion parameters, this model has been tailored significantly for this specific use-case. You can find more details about this model and the other models by a16z-infra at the creator's page on AIModels.fyi.


The Replicate implementation of the llama13b-v2-chat model uses the powerful Nvidia A100 (40GB) GPU for predictions, with an average run time of 7 seconds per prediction. It is priced at a mere $0.014 per run, which makes it widely accessible for lower-budget projects or startups.

Understanding the Inputs and Outputs of the LLaMA v2 Chat

Understanding what goes into and comes out of a model is key to leveraging its capabilities effectively. So let's get familiar with the inputs and outputs for the model.

Inputs

The model accepts the following inputs:


  1. prompt (string): The prompt to send to Llama v2.


  2. max_length (integer): The maximum number of tokens to generate. Keep in mind, a word is generally 2-3 tokens. Default value is 500.


  3. temperature (number): Adjusts the randomness of outputs. Greater than 1 is random and 0 is deterministic. A good starting value is 0.75.


  4. top_p (number): During text decoding, it samples from the top p percentage of most likely tokens. Lower this to ignore lesser likely tokens. The default value is 1.


  5. repetition_penalty (number): Provides penalty for repeated words in generated text. 1 is no penalty. Values greater than 1 discourage repetition, less than 1 encourage it.


  6. debug (boolean): Used to provide debugging output in logs.


Note that the creators of the model recommend that you follow this structure when creating your prompt:

User: <your prompt goes here>
Assistant:


For example...

User: give me tips on things to do in Maine
Assistant:

Outputs of the Model

The model produces the following output:


  1. A raw JSON schema, cataloguing the output structure - an array of strings to be used for further computation or user interface. Here's an example of the output schema:
{
  "type": "array",
  "items": {
    "type": "string"
  },
  "title": "Output",
  "x-cog-array-type": "iterator",
  "x-cog-array-display": "concatenate"
}


Now, let's transition to the nitty-gritty of how to use this model.

Using LLaMA v2 Chat to Generate Natural Chat Completions

Whether you're a novice dabbling in code, or you're a seasoned veteran, using the llama13b-v2-chat model to create realistic chat completions can be pretty fun.


Use this demo link to interact with the model's interface and understand its workings if you're just playing around and want to get a feel for how it works. Once you're ready to implement it into your project, follow the steps below.


Firstly, you'll need to set up your environment by installing the Node.js client:

npm install Replicate


Next, authenticate your API token and set it as an environment variable. This token is personal, and therefore should be kept confidential:

export REPLICATE_API_TOKEN=r8_******


Then, you can run the model with the following script:

import Replicate from "replicate";

const replicate = new Replicate({
  auth: process.env.REPLICATE_API_TOKEN,
});

const output = await replicate.run(
  "a16z-infra/llama13b-v2-chat:df7690f1994d94e96ad9d568eac121aecf50684a0b0963b25a41cc40061269e5",
  {
    input: {
      prompt: "..."
    }
  }
);


You can also set a webhook to be called when your prediction is complete. This could be beneficial in maintaining logs or setting up automatic alerts.

const prediction = await replicate.predictions.create({
  version: "df7690f1994d94e96ad9d568eac121aecf50684a0b0963b25a41cc40061269e5",
  input: {
    prompt: "..."
  },
  webhook: "https://example.com/your-webhook",
  webhook_events_filter: ["completed"]
});

For more details, you can always refer to the documentation on Replicate.

Taking it Further: Finding Other Text-to-Text Models with AIModels.fyi

Want to explore some other chatbots for your application? Finding similar models to llama13b-v2-chat is easy when you're using AIModels.fyi.


Here's a step-by-step guide to help you find other AI models that cater to your specific needs:

Step 1: Visit AIModels.fyi

Head over to AIModels.fyi to begin your exploration.

Type in key phrases such as "text-to-text", "language models", etc. The search engine will furnish a list of models fitting your query.

Step 3: Filter the Results

Filters to narrow down your search can be found on your search results page. You can filter and sort the models by type, cost, popularity, or even by specific creators. For instance, if you're looking for a budget-friendly text-to-text model, you can sort models by price to find the cheapest option.

Conclusion

In this guide, we explored the potential of LLaMA v2, a feature-rich, cost-effective language model. It's the potential backbone for your next chat application, powering nuanced and realistic conversation. You now know how to implement this model, understand its inputs/outputs, and effectively generate relevant chat completions.



By taking your imagination and welding it with these AI tools, you launch yourself into the vast universe of artificial intelligence, creating new and exciting projects. We're excited to see where you'll go next. Don't forget to subscribe for more tutorials, to keep up-to-date on new and improved AI models, and feed your creativity for your next AI project. Till then, happy AI adventuring and remember to say hello on my twitter.


Subscribe or follow me on Twitter for more content like this!