Building an eCommerce store is one hell of tasks and is a complicated endeavour.
Below are few tech-specs you should consider to ensure your website is functional, successful, and secure.
Of all the things, the most crucial part is how your eCommerce website is storing and accessing product information.
Let us understand this with an existing problem:
Suppose you are a retailer who wants to store simple product information of shirts. Some eCommerce platforms use to store the data in a simple RDBMS or spreadsheet kind of format where information is kept in tables.
Your shirt may have attributes like Unique ID, Title, Color, Size and SKU
If you sell the same thing throughout your website, then you just need to add additional rows in your database keeping all the columns same.
The problem arises when you want to add separate kind of entity having attributes which are not similar to those of shirts. Like for example Jeans have attributes like Unique ID, Title, Size, Waist, Pattern, SKU
A simple solution for this would be to add extra columns in your database and be done with that.
This might work for a small data set but the solution is not scalable.
Imagine a situation where you need to add 1000 of products having dissimilar attributes. If you go with the above solution, very soon you will be having a database having 1000 of columns which are not required by all products and will prove to be a very costly affair due to large memory sizes.
EAV basically stores the product information in parts in multiple tables. As a piece of information in an entity, the table may look like this
The attributes and values will be stored in a different table like this
Here EAV is storing the product information in two different tables but EAV database solution for your eCommerce website may store your product catalogue data in four five or six tables.
The process may be slow but is very efficient in comparison to RDBMS.
Security At The Core
Your eCommerce website should be secure and should be shielded from hackers. Usually, your website should have 256-bit layer TLS(Transport Layer Security) protection for an end to end encryption.
As per current scenario, the website should be upgraded TLS 1.2 standard so as the data should remain encrypted from the moment person enters the website to when he leaves the website.
HTTPS which is basically HTTP with TLS protection is the most obvious solution to provide privacy to any kind of online web transaction.
Even from July2018, Google has decided to flag all non-HTTP website asking for log-in or credit card information over the unsecured network.
As per the report by Akamai on Website Performance Statistics,
Today with the availability of faster mobile networks over the geographical area, consumers expect a faster page load speed.
Page Load Speed is one of the most crucial KPI for online conversion. As to a study by Aberdeen Group,
Even a one-second delay in page load time equals a seven-percent loss in conversion.
For the better performance of your eCommerce website performance, you can make use of website monitoring tools to make sure your website performance is at all boosted up.
Apart from that, you can use a few of the below-mentioned tactics:
Reduced HTTP Requests
Instead of using Multiple JS or CSS files and making multiple requests by your browser, you can combine them into one single file thus allowing your browser to make one single requests.
Content Delivery Networks
Caching makes your websites extremely fast and achieves better SEO scores which increase user satisfaction and leads to better conversions and increased income if you’re selling products or services online.
As per a report by YUI,
Types of Cache:
- Server Caching: Server Cache stores the results of the requests that you make every time so as to serve the results faster. Full Page Cache and Object Cache are the types of Server Caching that are most used.
You can use tools like Gzip to compress the data before they are being sent to the browser.
By making a few changes in your server configuration files, your web server will provide smaller file sizes which load faster for your website users.
Scale As You Go
When you are running an eCommerce store, you may need to scale anytime when the traffic increases on your website.
Similarly, in the case of any seasonal or flash sale, your inventory needs to grow to support the heavy load activities.
As long as your eCommerce website is using a cloud provider, you can easily use the Infrastructure-as-a-Service platform to scale your server.
The best thing is you just pay for the extra service that you require depending upon the requirements.
On your application, you can make use of Redis for repeated queries which are thousands time faster than MySql. You can have multiple servers, and you can have load balancing that balances your load across these servers.
Apart from that, we can use technology like Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling, AWS Elastic Load Balancer and Amazon Elastic File System for autoscaling, load balancing and as a shared file system respectively to make your eCommerce website scalable.
Above are few of the must-have technical specifications that are must for an eCommerce website for its better operations.
Do let us know in comments if you have used any one of the above technology or something else for your eCommerce website.