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This Slack discussion, featuring myself in some sleep-deprived rambling, occurred in hackernoon's official #protips channel, and has been [barely] edited for readability.
, short for “list open files”. since everything, literally everything from network sockets to camera handles, is a file in unix-based systems (like macos). this means you can do things like
lsof | grep "AppleCamera"
lsof -i -P -n | grep LISTEN
! talk about power tools. that thing will send literally anything over anything. want to test an old PPP connection? send a “malicious” packet to test your webserver’s mettle? see what happens when you send a UDP formatted packet over TCP?
. more unix tools incoming, in this thread
? it’s basically wireshark before wireshark was cool — if you’re on an ssh connection in particular, might be worth brushing up on
(i know, wireshark can work over an ssh connection, but imagine you’re on a desert island. with a computer.) point is, these old school tools can be useful sometimes too (and can be piped together like any ol’ unix tool)
is a good one too. (i’m just thinking these up off the top of my head, so if i seem all over the place, it’s because i am). the
tool will keep a program running even if your ssh connection fails! talk about useful
! those things are amazing. you can basically poke around inside a running program. think of it like game genie for your code
. one of the most underrated tools on unix…you can test an whole ass webserver with
. i mean, there are a thousand tools for “REST testing” these days, but
is the og.
, again underrated and used to death. especially powerful with unix pipes. i mean, you can combine grep with literally any other tool in this list, except maybe
and only because that wouldn’t really make sense…unless you’re grepping redirected output? idk. point is, all these tools can talk to each other using a standard format, one we all know: text!
is actually more powerful than most people realize. you can set up “chains” of ssh connections, you can set up all sorts of crazy network configs….i mean, it does more than just remote terminal logins.
too, i believe) have an interface for editing remote files on your local instance! so no more using default
to edit files over ssh! 😄
! i forgot about
, because everyone does. basically, if you have data that’s spit out in a columnar format like
, or [insert any unix tool on the planet], you can use a simple
command to pull a single value out of a given column, and so much more. which i don’t know off the top of my head because the columnar data processing is all i’ve really needed. but in a pinch, you can even use it like
…here be dragons, folks. short for “stream editor”, sed is like find and replace on some super steroid derived from the blood of all the disgraced baseball players in the 90s. anyway, sed can do stuff like find and replace every single instance of a regex match with another string or pattern (including regex capture groups!), in place. meaning it will edit your files with no recovery plan, no backup. that’s why i say: here be dragons. this is a power tool so powerful, you can cut a limb off. be careful.
is useful, but damned if i remember how to use it. there’s even https://xkcd.com/1168/. i mean you can create the unix equivalent of zip files, and decompress them as well. it’s useful, i just…i need google to use it.
is a good one. i mean, if you ever need to find something and don’t have the luxury of macos’s finder features, this is your tool. it can find files with a pattern, using modification time, and so much more. combine with a unix pipe and
for extra fun!
, that’s useful as well. basically it’s the unix equivalent of the “spread operator” in JS, if that makes sense.
, is essential for any unix or linux user. it’s quite simply, the manual pages. use it as a system reference, for remembering what a given flag does, or whenever
doesn’t cut it
— literally. this will, given a keyword, tell you which tools are appropriate for your use case! like if you type
, it’ll tell you about file-related tools. it’s like the index they used before search engines sort of drove it into the shadows
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