“If you decide to design your [programming] language [yourself], there are thousands of sort-of-amateur language designer pitfalls.”- Guido van Rossum(creator of Python)
Python is regarded as the best language for programming Machine Learning. However, a lot of people, especially newbies, don’t really know why this is so.
This article will explain why it is in fact the best!
As the two central themes around which this article is built, I feel it is only fair we explain Python and Machine Learning individually before getting to the main points.
Let us begin…
According to the
Its high-level built-in data structures, combined with dynamic typing and dynamic binding, make it very attractive for Rapid Application Development, as well as for use as a scripting or glue language to connect existing components.
In simple words, Python is a high-level (can be understood by human beings) programming language which was designed to be easy to use, understand, and simple to implement and this makes it a favorite of beginners.
To learn more about python click
Personally, I feel that definition sounds like something a university professor would say😅, here is a simpler one by
Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) and computer science which focuses on the use of data and algorithms to imitate the way that humans learn, gradually improving its accuracy.
In simple words, Machine Learning is the art of making smart machines learn about a particular thing or environment. This is done by giving them data about that thing or environment and using algorithms to help them make sense of that data.
Now we’ve gotten a background on our subject themes let us go down to the central issue and look at…
The world of Machine Learning is made up of complex algorithms and versatile workflows but Python offers concise and readable code and this helps Machine Learning developers focus more on creatively solving problems rather than having to figure out the complexity of a programming language.
Python is said to be a very intuitive language and this makes it appealing to Machine Learning developers to build complex models with.
Building Machine Learning models can quickly become complex and tricky. To reduce that complexity, open-source libraries have been built to make the creation of Machine Learning models easier.
Software libraries are pre-written codes that are used to solve common problems. To understand software libraries you must first understand that a software developer's life is filled with writing of code but sometimes some of the code written is so common that it makes no sense for all software developers to keep on writing them over and over again.
Just like it wouldn’t make sense for an author to write a book for each buyer when they can simply just print the books and distribute them. To learn more about Software Libraries click
In simple non-esoteric words, Software libraries are pieces of code Platforms that are used constantly when developing software that developers decided to just write and compile all of them in a package and distribute then name something ridiculous like pandas🤣.
Python is so popular amongst Machine Learning Engineers because a lot of those software libraries are written in it, libraries like;
There are lots more libraries, for a somewhat exhaustive list click
Platform Independence simply means the ability of a programming language to allow developers to run the same code on different machines like Linux, Windows, and macOS. If you think platform independence is not a big issue go learn CSS😅.
Python code can be used to create standalone executable programs for most common operating systems, which means that Python software can be easily distributed and used on those operating systems without a Python interpreter up and running on that system.
Another thing you can often find is companies and data scientists who use their machines with powerful Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) to train their ML models. And the fact that Python is platform-independent makes this training a lot cheaper and easier.
In a developer survey by
In the survey, it is shown that 26% of all python developers use the language for web development so 26% of the Python community is made up of Web developers, but Machine Learning and data analysis come in a close second with 27% combined so the Python Machine Learning community is very large and this means that you can easily get help anywhere you are stuck.
Below is a picture showing the StackOverflow developer survey spoken of above.
Now we’ve spoken about the major reason why Python is popularly used for Machine Learning, you might be wondering if there are alternatives, and that brings us to…..
The field of AI and Machine Learning is still a growing one, and even though Python is the go-to language for Machine Learning and it may still be for years to come, they are still some other alternatives, and we’ll talk about them below:
R is generally applied when you need to analyze and manipulate data for statistical purposes. R has packages such as Models, Class, Tm, and RODBC that are commonly used for building machine learning projects.
These packages allow developers to implement machine learning algorithms without the extra hassle and let them quickly implement business logic.
R was created by statisticians to meet their needs. This language can give you in-depth statistical analysis whether you’re handling data from an IoT device or analyzing financial models.
Scala is invaluable when it comes to big data. It offers data scientists an array of tools such as Saddle, Scala-lab, and Breeze. Scala has great concurrency support, which helps with processing large amounts of data.
Since Scala runs on the
Despite fewer machine learning tools compared to Python and R, Scala is highly maintainable.
If you need to build a solution for high-performance computing and analysis, you might want to consider Julia.
Julia has a similar syntax to Python and was designed to handle numerical computing tasks. Julia provides support for deep learning via the TensorFlow.jl wrapper and the Mocha framework.
However, the language is not supported by many libraries and doesn’t yet have a strong community like Python because it’s relatively new.
Another language worth mentioning is Java. Java is object-oriented, portable, maintainable, and transparent. It’s supported by numerous libraries such as WEKA and Rapidminer.
Java is widespread when it comes to natural language processing, search algorithms, and neural networks. It allows you to quickly build large-scale systems with excellent performance.
But if you want to perform statistical modeling and visualization, then Java is the last language you want to use. Even though some Java packages support statistical modeling and visualization, they aren’t sufficient. Python, on the other hand, has advanced tools that are well supported by the community.
In Machine Learning and programming in general, it usually does not matter the language you use because Programming Languages are nothing but tools.
That being said, it is always a safe bet to use a proven tool when building. Would you choose a machete over a saw when trying to cut wood?