Top 20 Linked List Coding Problems from Programming Job Interviews
I am Java programmer, blogger on http://javarevisited.blogspot.com and http://java67.com
Data Structures are one of the most important parts of any programming Job interview and often the reason to select or reject a candidate, that’s
why practicing these data structure based problems
will give you an edge over your competitor.
It will also make you a better programmer because you develop logic and
coding sense while solving these problems which goes a long way in your
What is a linked list?
A linked list
is another common data structure that complements the array data structure. Similar to the array, it is also a linear data structure and
stores elements in a linear fashion.
However, unlike the array
, it doesn’t store them in contiguous locations; instead, they are scattered everywhere in memory, which is connected to each other using nodes.
A linked list is nothing but a list of nodes where each node contains the value stored and the address of the next node.
Because of this structure, it’s easy to add and remove elements in a linked list
, as you just need to change the link instead of creating the array
, but the search is difficult and often requires O(n) time to find an element in the singly linked list.
provides more information on the difference between an array and linked list data structures.
It also comes in varieties like a singly linked list, which allows you to traverse in one direction (forward or reverse); a doubly linked list, which allows you to traverse in both directions (forward and backward); and finally, the circular linked list, which forms a circle.
How to solve linked list Coding Problems?
In order to solve linked list-based questions, a good knowledge of recursion
is important, because a linked list is a recursive data structure
If you take one node from a linked list, the remaining data structure is
still a linked list, and because of that, many linked list problems have
simpler recursive solutions
than iterative ones.
They are also solved using divide-and-conquer techniques, which breaks the problem into sub-problems until you can solve them.
For example, to reverse a linked list, you break linked list until you have
got just one node, at that point, you know how to reverse that linked
list of one node, it’s nothing but the same node.
It’s very similar to recursion and actually, that smallest sub-problem you
can solve becomes the base case for recursive solutions.
Btw, there is no point solving these linked list based coding problems if
you don’t have basic knowledge of data structure or you have not to
refresh them in recent time. In that case, I suggest you to first go
through a good data structure and algorithm courses
to revise the concept.
If you need recommendations, following are some of my the tried and tested resources to learn Data Structure and Algorithms in depth:
And, if you prefer books, there is no better than Introduction to Algorithms
by Thomas H. Cormen. It’s one of the most comprehensive books on Data Structure and Algorithms.
Frequently asked linked list Problems from Coding Interviews
Without wasting any more of your time, here are some of the most common and popular linked list interview questions from Coding interviews. I have linked to the solution wherever possible but I suggest you first try to solve the problem on your own, that will benefit you because you will think and learn. Once you have solved the problem or stuck after trying, you can look at the solution and learn from them.
- How do you find the middle element of a singly linked list in one pass? (solution)
- How do you check if a given linked list contains a cycle? How do you find the starting node of the cycle? (solution)
- How do you reverse a linked list? (solution)
- How do you reverse a singly linked list without recursion? (solution)
- How are duplicate nodes removed in an unsorted linked list? (solution)
- How do you find the length of a singly linked list? (solution)
- How do you find the third node from the end in a singly linked list? (solution)
- How do you find the sum of two linked lists using Stack? (solution)
- How do you reverse a linked list in place? (solution)
- How to add an element at the middle of the linked list? (solution)
- How do you sort a linked list in Java? (solution)
- What is the difference between array and linked list? (answer)
- How to remove Nth Node from the end of a linked list? (solution)
- How to merge two sorted linked list? (solution)How to convert a sorted list to a binary search tree? (solution)
- Given a linked list and a value x, partition it such that all nodes less than x come before nodes greater than or equal to x. (solution)
- How to remove duplicates from a sorted linked list? (solution)
- How to find the node at which the intersection of two singly linked lists begins. (solution)
- How to check if a given linked list is a palindrome? (solution)
- How to remove all elements from a linked list of integers which matches with given value? (solution)
These questions will help you to develop your problem-solving skills as well
as improve your knowledge of the linked list data structure.
Useful Resources for Coding Interviews
If you need some useful resources to do well on your programming and
Coding Job interview, here are some of the online courses and books you
should check out:
Now You’re Ready for the Coding Interview
These are some of the most common questions outside of data structure and algorithms that help you to do really well in your interview.
I have also shared a lot of data structure and algorithms questions on my blog
, so if you are really interested, you can always go there and search for them.
These common coding
, data structure
, and algorithms
are the ones you need to know to successfully interview with any company, big or small, for any level of programming job.
If you are looking for a programming or software development job in 2018, you can start your preparation with this list of coding questions.
This list provides good topics to prepare and also helps assess your
preparation to find out your areas of strength and weakness.
Good knowledge of data structure and algorithms is important for success in coding interviews and that’s where you should focus most of your
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Thanks, You made it to the end of the article … Good luck with your programming interview! It’s certainly not going to be easy, but you are one step closer to the success and the job you always wanted, after practicing
If you like this article, then please share with your friends and colleagues, and don’t forget to follow javinpaul
P.S. — If you need some FREE resources, you can check out this list of free data structure and algorithm courses to start your preparation.
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