Top 20 Linked List Coding Problems from Programming Job Interviews by@javinpaul

February 23rd 2019 22,288 reads

I am Java programmer, blogger on http://javarevisited.blogspot.com and http://java67.com

Image credit— Grokking the Coding Interview: Patterns for Coding Questions

Hello all, I have been sharing a lot of coding interview questions for

Programmers who are actively looking for Job, particularly for beginners

and computer engineers who have just graduated and has no real job

experience.

In the past, I have shared some data structure questions, string algorithms problems, and some useful online courses to prepare for Programming Job Interview and today I am going to share a list of **frequently asked linked list problems from coding interviews**.

Data Structures are one of the most important parts of any programming Job interview and often the reason to select or reject a candidate, that’s

why practicing these data structure based problems will give you an edge over your competitor.

It will also make you a better programmer because you develop logic and

coding sense while solving these problems which goes a long way in your

programming career.

A linked list is another common data structure that complements the array data structure. Similar to the array, it is also a linear data structure and

stores elements in a linear fashion.

However, unlike the array, it doesn’t store them in contiguous locations; instead, they are scattered everywhere in memory, which is connected to each other using nodes.

A linked list is nothing but a list of nodeswhere each node contains the value stored and the address of the next node.

Because of this structure, **it’s easy to add and remove elements in a linked list**, as you just need to change the link instead of creating the array, but the search is difficult and often requires O(n) time to find an element in the singly linked list.

This article provides more information on the difference between an array and linked list data structures.

It also comes in varieties like a singly linked list, which allows you to traverse in one direction (forward or reverse); a **doubly linked list**, which allows you to traverse in both directions (forward and backward); and finally, the **circular linked list**, which forms a circle.

In order to solve linked list-based questions, a good knowledge of recursion is important, because **a linked list is a recursive data structure**.

If you take one node from a linked list, the remaining data structure is

still a linked list, and because of that, many linked list problems have

simpler recursive solutions than iterative ones.

They are also solved using divide-and-conquer techniques, which breaks the problem into sub-problems until you can solve them.

For example, to reverse a linked list, you break linked list until you have

got just one node, at that point, you know how to reverse that linked

list of one node, it’s nothing but the same node.

It’s very similar to recursion and actually, that smallest sub-problem you

can solve becomes the base case for recursive solutions.

Btw, there is no point solving these linked list based coding problems if

you don’t have basic knowledge of data structure or you have not to

refresh them in recent time. In that case, I suggest you to first go

through a good data structure and algorithm courses or book to revise the concept.

If you need recommendations, following are some of my the tried and tested resources to learn Data Structure and Algorithms in depth:

**Data Structures and Algorithms: Deep Dive Using Java**for Java developers**Algorithms and Data Structures in Python**for those who love Python**JavaScript Algorithms and Data Structures Masterclass****Mastering Data Structures & Algorithms using C and C++**for those who are good at C/C++**Data Structures in Java: An Interview Refresher**

And, if you prefer books, there is no better than **Introduction to Algorithms** by Thomas H. Cormen. It’s one of the most comprehensive books on Data Structure and Algorithms.

Without wasting any more of your time, here are some of the most common and popular linked list interview questions from Coding interviews. I have linked to the solution wherever possible but I suggest you first try to solve the problem on your own, that will benefit you because you will think and learn. Once you have solved the problem or stuck after trying, you can look at the solution and learn from them.

**How do you find the middle element of a singly linked list in one pass? (****solution****)****How do you check if a given linked list contains a cycle? How do you find the starting node of the cycle? (****solution****)****How do you reverse a linked list? (****solution****)****How do you reverse a singly linked list without recursion? (****solution****)****How are duplicate nodes removed in an unsorted linked list? (****solution****)****How do you find the length of a singly linked list? (****solution****)****How do you find the third node from the end in a singly linked list? (****solution****)****How do you find the sum of two linked lists using Stack? (****solution****)****How do you reverse a linked list in place? (solution)****How to add an element at the middle of the linked list? (solution)****How do you sort a linked list in Java? (****solution****)****What is the difference between array and linked list? (****answer****)****How to remove Nth Node from the end of a linked list? (****solution****)****How to merge two sorted linked list? (solution)How to convert a sorted list to a binary search tree? (****solution****)****Given a linked list and a value***x***, partition it such that all nodes less than***x***come before nodes greater than or equal to***x***. (****solution****)****How to remove duplicates from a sorted linked list? (****solution****)****How to find the node at which the intersection of two singly linked lists begins. (****solution****)****How to check if a given linked list is a palindrome? (solution)****How to remove all elements from a linked list of integers which matches with given value? (solution)**

These questions will help you to develop your problem-solving skills as well

as improve your knowledge of the linked list data structure.

If you are having trouble solving these linked list coding questions then I

suggest you refresh your data structure and algorithms skill by going

through **Data Structures and Algorithms: Deep Dive Using Java** course.

If these questions are not enough then you can also check out this list of** ****30 linked list interview questions** for more practice questions.

If you need some useful resources to do well on your programming and

Coding Job interview, here are some of the online courses and books you

should check out:

- Data Structures and Algorithms: Deep Dive Using Java
- Grokking the Coding Interview: Patterns for Coding Questions
- Cracking the Coding Interview Book
- Master the Coding Interview: Data Structures + Algorithms
- Preparing For a Job Interview By John Sonmez

These are some of the most common questions outside of data structure and algorithms that help you to do really well in your interview.

I have also shared a lot of data structure and algorithms questions on my blog, so if you are really interested, you can always go there and search for them.

These common coding, data structure, and algorithms question**s** are the ones you need to know to successfully interview with any company, big or small, for any level of programming job.

If you are looking for a programming or software development job in 2018, you can start your preparation with this list of coding questions.

This list provides good topics to prepare and also helps assess your

preparation to find out your areas of strength and weakness.

Good knowledge of data structure and algorithms is important for success in coding interviews and that’s where you should focus most of your

attention.

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Thanks, You made it to the end of the article … Good luck with your programming interview! It’s certainly not going to be easy, but you are one step closer to the success and the job you always wanted, after practicing

these questions.

If you like this article, then please share with your friends and colleagues, and don’t forget to follow javinpaul on Twitter!