Bitfinex/Ethfinex, Binance, and Coinmetro
One trend I’ve noticed in the later half of 2017 was the birth of exchange tokens. Two notable ones that offered exchange-specific coins for their platforms were Bitfinex and Binance. Let’s go through both of them briefly to look at the purpose and function of these tokens.
Ethfinex offers an ERC20 token called Nectar (NEC). This token serves two primary functions:
To incentivize liquidity, market makers are rewarded with NEC to increase liquidity. At the end of every 28 day cycle, NEC is then distributed to these market makers proportionate to their total trading volume. This is significant because these traders can either trade NEC with other whitelisted cryptocurrencies, or they could hold them.
One incentive a trader might have to hold them is to participate in governance. Ethfinex platform users can vote through their tokens on matters such as what coins get listed. But perhaps the most significant part of the governance model is that if any individual or organization that manages to obtain 5%+ of NEC tokens will be eligible to “an Ethfinex board set.”
However a couple months after NEC, Ethfinex pivoted and decided to announce Honeycomb. This will not be an ERC20 token but instead run on it’s own native chain with a Proof-of-Stake blocking mechanism. It will be distributed at a 1:1 ratio to all NEC holders.
This will mean that at the point of transition, all issuance of new nectar tokens will completely change and the system will transition to a different model, with different economic parameters and a fixed total supply. -Ethfinex
This exchange deals exclusively with cryptocurrencies only. This means they don’t offer any fiat pairs of any kind. What they do offer though is a platform to trade with with new cryptoprojects such as ICO’s which give traders high risk-high reward opportunities.
Like Ethfinex, Binance also has an ERC20 token that they created called Binance Coin (BNB). The BNB token offers several advantages to its holders.
Those who trade using BNB pairs will be offered significant discounts in trading fees.
BNB as Gas
They will also benefit in the future as BNB will be used as Gas. In other words, BNB will function in a similar way to Ether in that it will be needed in order to utilize these services:
BNB Token Burn
Both of these two exchanges utilize exchange-specific tokens for very different purposes. Ethfinex is using NEC as a form of governance and incentive to increase liquidity. Binance used BNB initially to fundraise and incentivize liquidity with discounts on trading fees, but will ultimately be used to power the Binance Ecosystem that they are building. But what if there was an exchange similar to Binance that wasn’t restricted to just cryptocurrencies and helped introduce new investors to cryptocurrency?
CoinMetro is a start-up exchange that is hoping to get started in a similar way to Binance with an ICO. They will also focus on easily assimilating ICO’s into their trading platform to offer high risk-high reward situations to traders. However, one key distinguishing characteristic of Coinmetro will be that users will have access to fiat. Now let’s take a look at how their ERC20 token XCM will help facilitate the onboarding of new cryptoinvestors.
XCM holders will benefit in two similar ways to BNB holders:
Where Coinmetro’s token differs from Ethfinex and Binance is that it will also be used for managing cryptoportfolios in two ways: 1. Tokenized Asset Management 2. Electronically Traded Crypto Fund
Tokenized Asset Management (TAM)
Coinmetro platform users will be able to offer XCM to “asset managers” to trade on their behalf. Rather than having to spend hours on researching the hundreds of new ICO’s appearing, you can hand over this responsibility to someone who does this professionally.
Electronically Traded Crypto Fund (ETCF)
Coinmetro users will also be about to join ETCF’s. Rather than trusting an asset manager with your finances, you can buy into curated cryptobaskets which would be diversified into different cryptocurrencies.
Through TAM and ETCF, Coinmetro plans to distinguish themselves from other exchanges by helping ease cryptoinvesting for newcomers. By offering asset managers and cryptobaskets with XCP, they hope to mitigate their risk until they are comfortable enough to utilize their more advanced trading platform.
*This article was submitted to Coinmetro’s bounty program.