Hackernoon logoR and Javascript : Execution, Libraries, Integration by@harsh-binani

R and Javascript : Execution, Libraries, Integration

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@harsh-binaniHarsh Binani

In today’s date, R is the megastar language for big data analytics. In this article, I will talk about on coordination, visualization and execution of R and JavaScript. However, you may ask the question for what reason somebody might want to incorporate R into web applications?

There are quite a few reasons for this. When you add R to your solution, a vast opportunity of analytics opens up like statistics, predictive data modelling, forecasting, machine learning, visualization and much more.

R is developed by statisticians, scientists or professional analysts using the script but the reports and the results generated by them on the desktop can be easily emailed or presented in the form of presentation, but that is limiting the business use and other potential uses.

If R is incorporated with JavaScript, then web delivery can happen smoothly, and it can help in making efficient business decision making. Integrating R into web application naturally becomes quintessential.

Integrate R into JavaScript

There can be various ways through which you can integrate R with JavaScript. Here I am discussing the following methods that I prefer for Rand Javascript integration.

1. Deploy R open

Through Deploy R opens you can easily embed results of various R functions like- data and charts into any application. This specific structure is an open source server-based system planned especially for R, which makes it simple to call the R code at a real time.

The workflow for this is simple: first, the programmer develops R script which is then published on the Deploy R server. The published R script that can be executed from any standard application using DeployR API. Using client libraries JavaScript now can make calls to the server. The results returned by the call can be embedded into the displayed or processed according to the application.

2. Open CPU JavaScript API

This offers straightforward RPC and information input/Output through Ajax strategies that can be fused in JavaScript of your HTML page.

Visualization with R and JavaScript

You can make use of numerous JavaScript libraries that help in creating web functionality for dynamic data visualizations for R.

Here I will be elaborating some of those tools like D3, Highchart, and leaflet. You can quickly implement these tools in your R and program knowledge of JavaScript is not mandatory for this.

As I have already mentioned that R is an open source analytical software, it can create high dimensional data visualizations. Ggplot2 is a standout among the most downloaded bundle that has helped R to accomplish best quality level as a data visualization tool.

Javascript then again is a scripting dialect in which R can be consolidated to make data visualisation. Numerous javascript libraries can help in creating great intuitive plots, some of them are d3.Js, c3.js, vis.js, plotly.js, sigma.js, dygraphs.js.

HTM widgets act as a bridge between R and JavaScript. It is the principal support for building connectors between two languages. The flow of a program for HTM widgets r can be visualized as under:

• Information is perused into R

• Data is handled (and conceivably controlled) by R

• Data is changed over to JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) arrange

• Information is bound to JavaScript

• Information is prepared (and conceivably controlled) by JavaScript

• Information is mapped to plotting highlights and rendered

Now let us discuss some of the data visualization packages:

• r d3 package

Data-driven documents or d3 is one of the popular JavaScript visualization libraries. D3 can produce visualization for almost everything including choropleths, scatter plots, graphs, network visualizations and many more. Multiple R packages are using only D3 plotting methods. You can refer r d3 package tutorials to learn about this.

 It is really very easy to create plots in R, but you may ask me whether it is same for creating custom plots, the answer is “yes”, and that is the primary motivation behind why ggplot came into existence. With ggplot, you can make complex multi-layered designs effectively.

Here you can start plotting with axes then add points and lines. But the only drawback that it has it is relatively slower than base R, and new developers might find it difficult to learn.


The leaflet has found its profound use in GIS (mapping), this is an open source library. The R packages that backings this is composed and kept up by RStudio and ports. Using this developer can create pop up text, custom zoom levels, tiles, polygon, planning and many more.

The ggmap bundle of javaScript can be utilised for the estimation of the latitude and longitude.


Lattice helps in plotting visualized multivariate data. Here you can have tilled plots that help in comparing values or subgroups of a given variable. Here you will discover numerous lattice highlights has been acquired as utilizes grid package for its usage. The underlying logic used by lattice is very much similar to base R.

• visNetwork

For the graphical representation of nodes and edges, the visual network is referred. Vis.js is a standout amongst the most famous library among numerous that can do this sort of plotting. visNetwork is the related with R package for this.

Network plots ought to be finished remembering nodes and edges. For visNetwork, these two should be separated into two different data frames one for the nodes and the other

• Highcarter

This is another visualization tool which is very similar to D3. You can use this tool for a variety of plots like line, spline, arealinerange, column range, polar chart and many more. For the commercial use of Highcarter, you need to get a license while for the non-commercial you don’t need one.

Highcarter library can be accessed very easily using various chart () functions. Using this function, you can create a plot in a single task. This function is very much similar to qplot() of ggplot2 of D3. chart () can produce different types of scenarios depending on the data inputs and specifications.

• RColor Brewer

With this package, you can use color for your plots, graphs, and maps. This package works nicely with schemes.

• Plotly

It is a well distinguish podium for data visualization that works inordinately with R and Python notebook. It has similarity with the high career as both are known for interactive plotting. But here you get some extra as it offers something that most of the package don’t like contour plots, candlestick chart, and 3d charts.


It is the way for representing data visualization as it nicely describes the sequence of events. The diagram that it produces speaks about itself. You don’t need an explanation for the chart as it is self-explanatory.


For creating three-dimensional plots in R you should check out RGL. It has comparability with lattice, and on the off chance that you are an accomplished R developer you will think that its simple.

• Threejs

This is an R package and an HTML widget that helps in incorporating several data visualization from the JavaScript library.

Some of the visualization function three are as follows:

• Graphjs: this is used for implementing 3D interactive data visualization. This function accepts igraph as the first argument. This manages definition for nodes and edges.

• Scatterplot3js: this function is used for creating three dimensional scatter plot.

• Globejs: this function of JavaScript is used for plotting surface maps and data points on earth.


The most significant benefit of JavaScript visualization is it can be implanted voluntarily into the web application. They can be injected into several frameworks, one of such context of R development is shiny.

Shiny is created and maintained by R Studio. It is a software application development instrument, to a great extent employed for making wise interfaces with R. R shiny tutorial will take in more about shiny.

Shiny is a podium for facilitating R web development.

Connecting R with javascript using libraries

Web scuffling has formed into an original piece of examination as through this movement you can pucker your required information. But the data should be extracted before any web developer start to insert javascript render content into the web page. To help in such situation R has an excellent package called V8 which acts as an interface to JavaScript. R v8 is the most generally utilized capacity utilized for interfacing r in javascript. You can undoubtedly implement JS code in R without parting the current session. The library function used for this is rvest().

To run the JavaScript in R, we need a context handler, within that context handler you can start programming. Then you can export the R data into JavaScript.

Some other JavaScript libraries that help in analytical programming such as Linear Regression, SVMs etc. are as follows:

• Brain.js()

• Mljs

• Webdnn

• Convnetjs


R and Javascript can practically unlock innumerable possibility in Data Science and Analytics. Both technologies are working towards developing better integrations, knowledge repositories, libraries and use cases. It is a good time to use both of this together. The future looks bright.


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