Hackernoon logoKickOff To Open Source! by@madhavbahl10

KickOff To Open Source!

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@madhavbahl10Madhav Bahl

Frontend Development Intern

I think, fundamentally, open source does tend to be more stable software. It’s the right way to do things.
 — Linus Torwalds
This article can be used as a tutorial to start open source contribution. It contains the content that was used in one of my webinars, “KickOff To Open Source”. 
The webinar was based on how to start open source contributions, and it covered the basics of Git and GitHub. You can see the presentation at http://madhavbahl.tech/opensource/ . There will be more webinars, meetups and tutorial videos and articles soon, to get notified directly in your email, subscribe here.

Why Open Source?

After hearing “open source”, the first thing that comes to our mind is free software, isn’t it? Most of the people are business minded and go for profit, but open source is free right? 
Still, there is a huge community of open source developers out there, and there are countless awesome reasons behind this.

Open source is in your best interest, whether you are an individual, an organisation, a small business, or a non-profit organisation. There are many reasons you should start an open source project, or start open source contributions as an individual. Some of the reasons I like the most are:

  • People from all over the world can contribute to your code
  • A very good code quality is maintained
  • Reduces duplication of effort (you can put licenses to your repositories)
  • Showcase your talent and competence

And the reason I love open source,

  • Lift the community (Always remember, “we rise by lifting others”)

Simple Words…

Each and every project you can find on GitHub (of course which is not private) is an open source project.

Therefore, to make contribution, you just need to find a project that suits you, and an issue to work upon.

Open Source is 💚

Yes, and I am happy spreading this feeling of love.

  • More you contribute, more awareness and ideas you get!
  • Doing projects in collab with some super awesome people
  • You meet like minded people, and expand your network
  • Cant fix a bug!? Ask Help

Any Prerequisite Knowledge?

Generally people have a mindset that they need to be very expert in every (or any one) domain to start open source contributions. This is WRONG! Even if you are a beginner and you have a basic knowledge of Git and GitHub, you can start contributing.

Photo taken from https://www.wired.com/2013/03/github/

Before proceeding further, I highly suggest that you should have a basic knowledge of Git and GitHub. If you are new to this you can read my 2 part tutorial series on the same:

GIT-Good Part-A: Hello GitHub

GIT-Good Part-B: In Git we trust!

After reading these two articles, you can watch this YouTube video to have a great insight on Git commands.

Ready! Set! Go!

Follow these 6 basic steps and make your first open source contribution in 2 minutes.

STEP 1: Find Your Project

First step for starting open source is obviously, finding an open source project to contribute to!

Either you can go for contributing the project os some open source organisation like fossasia etc. Or, you can find your projects/issues you want ot work on from these websites.

  • issuehub.io — A website which helps you find projects/issues based on your required language or issue labels.
  • Code Triage — Another useful tool for searching issues
  • Up For Grabs — List of projects with issues that can be resolved by beginners
  • First Timers Only — A list of issues that are labelled “first-timers-only”.
  • Awesome First Timers PR — A list of awesome beginners-friendly projects.

Although you can find projects to contribute to from the above mentioned resources, it is better to find any open source organisation and start contributing to their projects.

You can find some good open source organisations here.

Also, you can find some good organisations whose projects were selected for GSoC this year and start contributing to their projects.

To Follow The Next Steps

You Can Make Your First Open Source Contribution In This Practise Repository: https://github.com/Logic-Xcution/Kickoff-To-Open-Source

Once you have found the project which you want to contribute to, follow these 5 simple steps.

STEP 2: Fork The Repository

Fork this repo by clicking on the fork button on the top of the page. This will create a copy of this repository in your account.

STEP 3: Clone The Repository

Clone the repo to your machine. Go to your GitHub account, click on the clone button and then click the copy to clipboard icon.

Open a terminal and run the following git command:

git clone "Copied URL"

STEP 4: Create a Branch

Go to the directory where you cloned the repo.
Create a new branch using git checkout command

git checkout -b <branch-name>

for keeping a standard, let’s have the name of branch as username

for example:

git checkout -b MadhavBahlMD

STEP 5: Make Changes! Resolve Issue! Commit Those Changes! Push To GitHub!

Make the necessary changes, commit and push your code to GitHub. Here, we are adding our username, name and bio in the CONTRIBUTORS.md

To make commit and push changes,

git add .
git commit -m "Add [username] as a contributor"
git push origin <branch name>

STEP 6: Open a Pull Request

If you go to your repository on GitHub, you’ll see a Compare & pull request button. Click on that button and submit the pull request!

Soon your changes will be reviewed and the PR will be merged if the changes are legit!

As Simple As That!

Congrats, You just made your first PR.
Welcome to the world of open source.

STEP 7 (Optional): Keeping your fork synced with original repository

First of all, switch to the master branch, master branch is the main working branch which is supposed to have most updated code!

git checkout master

Now, add original repo’s url as a new remote, say original

git remote add original [email protected]:Logic-Xcution/Kickoff-To-Open-Source.git

This is a way of telling git that another version of this project exists in the specified url and we’re calling it original. Once the changes are merged, fetch the new version of original repository.

git fetch original

Now, you need to merge the new revision of my repository into your master branch.

git rebase original/master

Now you can push these changes to your GitHub repo:

git push origin master

Also, since your changes are merged and your repo is updated, the branch you created for your contribution is no longer required and you can delete it!

git branch -d <brach-name>
git push origin --delete <branch-name>

By following this step 7, you can make sure that your copy of the project is same as the original project to avoid any conflicts in future.

That’s it

Found the article helpful?

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Feel free to reach out to me anytime if you want to discuss something :D

I would be more than happy if you send your feedbacks, suggestions or ask queries. Moreover, I love to make new friends and we can be friends, just drop me a mail.

Thanks a lot for reading till end. You can contact me in case if you need any assistance:
Email: [email protected]
Web: http://madhavbahl.tech/
Github: https://github.com/MadhavBahlMD
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/madhavbahl/

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