AI vs ML: What's the Difference? by@davisdavid

AI vs ML: What's the Difference?

June 20th 2021 1,005 reads
Read on Terminal Reader
Open TLDR
react to story with heart
react to story with light
react to story with boat
react to story with money
Artificial Intelligence is the ability of a computer or machine to mimic or imitate human intelligent behavior and perform human-like tasks. Machine learning is the subset of AI that has the ability to automatically learn from the data without explicitly being programmed or assisted by domain expertise. AI solves tasks that require human intelligence while ML solves specific tasks by learning from data and making a prediction. To learn more examples of artificial intelligence read this article https://builtin.com/artificial-intelligence/examples-ai-in-industry.
image
Davis David HackerNoon profile picture

Davis David

Data Scientist | AI Practitioner | Software Developer. Giving talks, teaching, writing.

github social icontwitter social iconlinkedin social icon

Today, artificial intelligence and machine learning are two popular terms that have been often used interchangeably to describe an intelligent software or system. Even though both AI and ML are based on statistics and mathematics, they are not the same thing.

Many people have been confused by these two terms. In this article, you will learn the distinctions between AI and ML with vivid examples.

What is  AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is the ability of a computer or machine to mimic or imitate human intelligent behavior and perform human-like tasks. 

Artificial intelligence performs tasks that require human intelligence such as thinking, reasoning, learning from experience, and most importantly, making its own decision.

 “AI is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines.” - John McCarthy

Artificial intelligence can perform tasks exceptionally well but they have not yet reached the ability to interact with people at the emotional level.

To learn more let's see some examples of artificial intelligence.

Robotics

An industrial robot is a good example of AI. Industrial robots have the ability to monitor their own accuracy and performance, sense or detect when maintenance is required to avoid expensive downtime. It can also act with a new or unknown environment.

image

Personal Assistants

Another example of AI is personal assistant tools which are Human-AI interaction gadgets. The most popular personal assistants are Google Home by Google, Siri by Apple, Alexa by Amazon, and Cortana by Microsoft. 

These personal assistants enable users to find out information, help booking hotels, add events to calendars, answer questions, schedule meetings, sending messages or emails, and so forth.

image

To learn more examples of artificial intelligence read this article https://builtin.com/artificial-intelligence/examples-ai-in-industry

What is ML (Machine Learning)?

Machine learning, or ML,  is known as the subset of AI that has the ability to automatically learn from the data without explicitly being programmed or assisted by domain expertise. 

Learning in ML refers to a machine’s ability to learn based on data and an ML algorithm’s ability to train a model, evaluate its performance or accuracy, and then make predictions. 

For example, you can train a system with supervised machine learning algorithms such as Random Forest and Decision Trees.

 “machine learning is the field of study that gives computers the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed.” - Arthur Samuel

Therefore, the intention of ML is to enable machines to learn by themselves using data and finally make accurate predictions.

To learn more let's see the examples of Machine Learning.

Product Recommendations

Most e-commerce websites have machine learning tools that provide recommendations of different products based on historical data.

For example, if you searched for machine learning books on Amazon and buy one of them, if you come back again after a certain period of time, the home page of Amazon will show you a list of books related to machine learning.

It also recommends based on what you have liked or added to the cart and other related behaviors.

image

Email Spam and Malware Filtering

Unwanted commercial bulk emails (spam) have become a huge problem for internet users. Nowadays most email service providers use machine learning tools to automatically learn and identify spam emails and phishing messages.

Example Gmail and Yahoo mail spam filters do more than just checking spam emails using pre-existing rules. They generate new rules themselves based on what they have learned as they continue in their spam filtering operation.

image

The Difference Between AI and ML

To finalize, AI solves tasks that require human intelligence while ML is the subset of artificial intelligence that solves specific tasks by learning from data and make a prediction. Therefore all machine learning is AI, but not all AI is machine learning. 

Congratulations 👏👏, you have made it to the end of this article! 

If you learned something new or enjoyed reading this article, please share it so that others can see it. Until then, see you in the next post!

You can also find me on Twitter @Davis_McDavid.

And you can read more articles like this here.

For more AI and machine learning guides, be sure to subscribe to our newsletter in the footer below.

react to story with heart
react to story with light
react to story with boat
react to story with money
L O A D I N G
. . . comments & more!