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At the moment, the TIOBE index monitors 265 popular programming languages. Python is the 4th most used and the second most loved programming language among software engineers from all over the world. Java is owned by Oracle, owned by the company that executes high performance and provides backwards compatibility under the hood. Java takes the 5th position in the list of the most popular languages in the world for web and mobile applications. According to StackOverflow, 90% of Fortune 500 companies rely on Java for mission-critical workloads.