When it comes to the project and its realization, you should take into consideration lots of aspects. And the choice of the technology stack is one of the crucial things that can define how successful and smooth your project will be. Depending on the idea and requirements of your application, site or product, you may find and select a proper programming language (PL).
Today there is a wide diversity of excellent PLs for different purposes. Anyway, the market changes constantly with new requirements appear to be satisfied, and the existing solutions are not as effective as wished it to be. Here we'll check and overlook the new tendencies in the industry. Read our review of 5 emerging programming languages with all their strong features highlighted.
Top 5 Emerging Languages
- Functional, fast PL primary used for front-end coding.
- Semantic version control is automatically enforced.
- No runtime exceptions.
- Helpful compiler.
- Powerful tools as elm-format to provide the capability to click "Save" in the text editor to make the code be beautified; elm-test (unit/fuzz testing); elm-css that guarantees the code compiles to a .css file to ease the sync between the app and stylesheets.
- Conciseness: to minimize boilerplate code.
- Safety: the language compiler works extra hard to reduce NRE.
- Versatile: Kotlin is suitable with web/desktop/mobile/server-side app development.
- Interoperable with current Java codebase/libraries/frameworks.
- Tool-enabled: to make the development more efficient, automated and productive.
- Expressiveness and conventions.
The third place of our top list is Rust. That PL is pretty popular among web developers, especially when it comes to Mozilla Firefox. Rust's main goals are safety, speed, and concurrency. Here static typing plus control over memory, type inference and other functional features, are combined with C-efficiency. If you've ever heard about Rust then you definitely know what distinguishes the Rust among the other programming languages. Besides that, its advantages are:
- The borrow checker is the most characteristic feature and a code-vetting tool of Rust. It keeps reading the code and continues the compilation until the memory error can take place. Besides that, the feature deflects data races utilizing the same ruleset.
- Modular programming is supported by composition over inheritance that allows a developer to define a type just by its attributes.
- Unsurpassed tooling that includes cross-platform APIs, sane package manager that is bound to save dev’s time.
Elixir battles for the developers’ happiness too. It's the reason you see the name in our top. This syntax-wise language copies Ruby much but also provides C-like advantages to your coding. As of today, Elixir is chiefly utilized for developing web app by means of either a fully-functional web app ecosystem Phoenix or a time-honoured HTTP server Cowboy. Scalability, utility, sustainability are the targets Elixir is designed for. There are lots of strong features to get though:
- Stick data structures;
- No spin-off effects;
- Pattern matching;
- Shared nothing concurrency;
- Hot-swapped code.
Many companies like Pinterest successfully use Elixir for their products already.
"Slick as Ruby, fast as C". Yeah, it's Crystal that is our number 5 of the top hoping programming languages today. Entirely object-oriented, complied, statically typed, etc. Yeah, it's a few strong features of Crystal to mention. So, using the PL for coding your project you'll get the next unique features too:
- Ruby-like syntax;
- Fibres that are used for achieving concurrency and making operations non-blocking/asynchronous;
- Performance penalty? Boilerplate code? Macros imply none of the problems;
- Crystal command with useful default tools is exploited to run test suites, compile, etc.;
- Default code formatter;
- Crystal play for fast prototyping, in the way of irb;
- Understanding, readability, and expressiveness make it simple and fast to learn.
The requirements and business needs change constantly. C++, Java, PHP, Ruby, Python, and other programming languages used to be the breakthrough some time ago. These five and some other PLs are expected to carve out a niche or capture the market soon. Anyway, be sure of they will shape the industry pretty soon.
They offer faster solutions of specific problems, needs, and tasks, simpler syntax, strong typing, easier check or test, etc. It doesn’t mean that all the previous languages will gradually become forgotten, at the very least for now, but these programming languages have a promising future and give the company a competitive edge in the market.