Who Sets Bitcoin’s Price and What Gives Cryptocurrencies Their Value?  by@michaelfaith

Who Sets Bitcoin’s Price and What Gives Cryptocurrencies Their Value?

Bitcoin's future is widely regarded as uncertain. While the value of Bitcoin may rise above $100,000, it may also fall below zero. Bitcoin's usefulness of Bitcoin as a store of value is determined by how well it functions as a medium of exchange. The most significant single factor that could influence Bitcoin’s price is likely to be **[government action] to regulate Bitcoin. Bitcoin CEO Elon Musk has amassed a significant amount of early investors who have amassed a swing swing. Furthermore, early investors can help steer the market upward.
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Michael Faith

I write articles on Technology (Blockchain etc), History, and Science


The Brutal Truth About Bitcoin

Cryptocurrencies, unlike the dollar, euro, pound, and other government-backed currencies are not officially supported by any central bank or government. The currency has traditionally been traded in an open marketplace similar to the stock market, where buyers and sellers can exchange their local money for bitcoin or vice versa.


Just over a decade ago, Bitcoin traded for less than $1. Bitcoin surpassed $65,000 in 2021, and despite the recent dip, investors are bullish on the asset.


But who and what determines the price of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, and does it have real value?

Who Sets Bitcoin’s Price?

The monetary policy instruments, inflation rates, and economic growth measurements that generally affect the value of a currency do not apply to Bitcoin because it is neither issued by a central bank nor backed by a government.


Bitcoin is like a commodity, the price of a bitcoin depends on how much a buyer is willing to pay, similar to how the price of gold, oil, sugar, grains, and other commodities is established by the market. Like any market, Bitcoin is primarily governed by the laws of supply and demand.

Nobody, in particular, sets the price of bitcoin, nor can we trade it in one place. The price of each market or exchange is determined by supply and demand.


Prices will likely rise if more people want to buy than sell. The price tends to fall when there are more sellers. This is comparable to the stock market, real estate, and the majority of other open marketplaces.


More Demand, Less Supply = Price Goes Up


More Supply, Less Demand = Price Goes Down

Why does the price of Bitcoin change so often?

It is because the price of a bitcoin is extremely volatile, and it’s not just the Bitcoin exchange rate that fluctuates, many things, such as stocks, fiats, oil, and many other products, can be quite volatile, moving dramatically up and down against a base currency (such as the US dollar).


Cryptocurrencies, like stocks and commodities, are generally tradable assets. Their price is determined by how much interest there is in buying them on the market (called demand) and how much is available to buy (called supply). The relationship between the two determines the price.


If there is a high demand for a particular coin but the available supply is limited, the price rises. The demand for coins sometimes rises regardless of the currency’s true value; this is termed overbought. Alternatively, if a significant quantity of a coin is sold without a solid reason, it is described as oversold.

Bitcoin at the moment is a Speculative Investment

The usefulness of Bitcoin as a store of value is determined by how well it functions as a medium of exchange. If Bitcoin does not succeed as a medium of exchange, it will be ineffective as a store of value. Speculative interest has been the primary driver of Bitcoin’s value for much of its history.


All previous economic analyses of Bitcoin attempted to understand it through the lens of monetary economics and concluded that it behaves more like a speculative asset than a genuine currency.

Factors That Could Impact Bitcoin’s Price

Bitcoin's future is widely regarded as uncertain. While the value of Bitcoin may rise above $100,000, it may also fall below zero.


The most significant single factor that could influence Bitcoin’s price is likely to be government action. Regulatory agencies in the United States and around the world may enact new laws or regulations that severely limit or outright prohibit Bitcoin.


Bad news about cryptocurrency also reduces adoption. Geopolitical events and statements by governments regulating bitcoin are among the news stories that scare Bitcoin users.


Outside influences can also drive up Bitcoin prices. Tesla CEO Elon Musk’s Tweets, for example, have influenced cryptocurrency market prices. Catherine Wood, CEO of Ark Invest, is another prominent Bitcoin supporter who may help steer the market upward. Furthermore, early investors who have amassed a significant bitcoin holding, dubbed bitcoin whales, can swing the markets by engaging in a large transaction.

https://twitter.com/elonmusk/status/1340573003579617280?s=20&t=nNS57Xc9KXoO7HlO61Lv4g

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Photo Source: CoinDesk, 2018.


It is critical to recognize that investing in Bitcoin is extremely volatile and risky. While you could buy Bitcoin and profit handsomely, there are significant risks of loss. Most people should limit their Bitcoin investments to funds they can afford to lose.

Quick Throwback

Bitcoin broke the $1 mark in April 2011, launching its first mini-bull run. It increased by roughly 3,000% over the next three months, reaching a high of between $29 and $32 (depending on the source) by June 2011. By November 2011, the price had fallen back to $2.


The first reported real-world financial transaction involving Bitcoin took place on May 22, 2010, when a Florida man negotiated to pay 10,000 BTC for two Papa John's pizzas priced at about $25. 10,000 BTC would be worth roughly $200 million today. 

The first reported real-world financial transaction involving Bitcoin took place on May 22, 2010, when a Florida man negotiated to pay 10,000 BTC for two Papa John's pizzas priced at about $25. 10,000 BTC would be worth roughly $200 million today. 

Photo Source: BusinessToday, 2022.

What has made Bitcoin so valuable?

Limited Supply: Bitcoin has a maximum supply of 21 million coins. There will never be more than 21 million Bitcoins in existence. According to many experts, the limited supply, or scarcity, contributes significantly to Bitcoin’s value.

Cannot be copied: No one can forge a Bitcoin because it operates on a secured blockchain ledger.

What drives Bitcoin's price up and down?

Simply put, the price of Bitcoin rises when there is a greater demand for it, and it falls when there is less demand.

What happens to Bitcoin after all 21 million are mined?

When all Bitcoins have been mined:


  1. Miners’ revenue will depend entirely on transaction fees.
  2. The price and purchasing power of Bitcoin will adjust to the lack of new supply.
  3. The coins will be minted at a fixed rate to ensure a steady flow of liquidity.
  4. The limited supply will make bitcoin a scarce asset, which could drive up its price in the future. This will make it more attractive to investors and users.


Based on Bitcoin’s predictable issuance model, the final coin will be mined sometime around 2140.

Important Notes

  • Purchasing stock gives you ownership in a company, whereas purchasing bitcoin gives you ownership of how much cryptocurrency you purchased with your money.
  • Because Bitcoin is not issued or regulated by a central government, it is not subject to governmental monetary policies.
  • The price of bitcoin is primarily influenced by its supply, market demand, availability, competing cryptocurrencies, and investor sentiment.
  • The supply of bitcoin is limited; there is a finite number of bitcoin, and the final coins are expected to be mined in 2140.



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