Tendermint 0.8.0 is the culmination of four months of work, providing many new features and vastly improved stability for network deployments both big and small.
See the v0.8.0 release notes for more details.
The interface between Tendermint and the application, previously Tendermint Socket Protocol (TMSP), is now called Asynchronous Blockchain Interface (ABCI).
One of Tendermint’s unique advantages is its ability to support applications written in any programming language. It does this by employing a socket protocol, known as the Tendermint Socket Protocol, or TMSP. While we’ve become comfortable with the acronym TMSP, we are changing the name to a more backend-agnostic “ABCI” (short for Asynchronous Blockchain Interface, or alternatively, Atomic Broadcast Interface) to emphasize its purpose to serve as a general interface between any BFT consensus engine and any application. With this name change, we are signalling to the community that we are committed to designing protocols that benefit the entire blockchain ecosystem. We expect to see other consensus engines adopt the ABCI in the future, whether they be based on Tendermint, Raft, or any other fault-tolerant consensus algorithm.
ABCI: works-in-process, with Sockets, or with GRPC
For non-Golang applications that require high throughput, developers are encouraged to use ABCI-over-sockets, since transactions can be pushed to the application asynchronously in order. Due to a design limitation of GRPC, ABCI-over-GRPC delivers messages synchronously, so it should only be used for initial proof-of-concepts, or applications that don’t require high transaction throughput.
For more details, see our guide on app development and the ABCI.
Persistence and Handshakes
Prior versions of Tendermint did not handle application state persistence well. That is, when a Tendermint node restarted, it had to re-run all the transactions of the locally stored blockchain to get back in sync. This served our users well for proof-of-concept builds, but obviously that doesn’t work for production systems.
With the 0.8.0 release, we’ve implemented an ABCI handshake protocol that lets the application tell Tendermint which blocks it already knows about. Thus, upon a restart of either Tendermint, the application, or both, only the most recent blocks need to be pushed to the application. This marks a major milestone, allowing Tendermint to be used for actual production environments.
In fact, in late 2016 we successfully completed a production deployment of a voting blockchain application with Votem. This was the first production run of the software, and it went off without a hitch, processing over 1.5 million votes over two months on an 8-node cluster on AWS.
Cosmos and Basecoin
Cosmos, the “Internet of Blockchains”, is a network of public and private blockchains. The essential public blockchains of Cosmos, including the Cosmos Hub and the Cosmos DEX (distributed exchange), are ABCI applications powered by Tendermint. Staying true to good software engineering principles, we intend to build these applications out of smaller modules, the basis of which we call Basecoin.
Basecoin is a simple multi-asset cryptocurrency that forms the foundation for what will eventually become the Cosmos Hub. It is an ABCI app written in Golang, featuring Ethereum-like accounts with a simple plugin architecture that makes it very easy to extend. Its purpose is to be both a baseline cryptocurrency for other implementers to fork from, and a base module for paying fees in more complex state machines. So, if you want to create a new public cryptocurrency application in Golang with experimental features, or perhaps create a private/consortium blockchain application that requires users to pay fees, consider starting with Basecoin!
For more details on the design and use of Basecoin, see our latest blog post.
Here are some of the items up next on our stack:
- Update ABCI to include vote information (e.g. evidence of double-signing)
- Update ABCI to support light-client queries
- Implement transaction indexing and querying
- Secure the RPC server
- Better Basecoin guides, documentation, and tooling
- Implement Inter-Blockchain Communication (IBC) as a Basecoin plugin.
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