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Choosing the best option for front-end development
React.js vs Angular: They are equally good at building web-based applications. Some of the world projects are built with React.js, others of the same size, with Angular.
These examples emphasizing both React.js and Angular are suited for making large and scalable platforms, handling massive requests per moment.
React.js gets on the top position and overruns Angular with the number of Node Package Manager (NPM) downloads on GitHub. The difference is huge.
Last year's survey among Stackoverflow's users demonstrates that React.js is 10% more popular than Angular.
Does it mean that something goes wrong with Angular? Or, does it imply React.js offered better solutions than Angular?
Let's figure it out by overviewing both systems in a nutshell. Angular originates from the startup products of Google, where the key of product development was to manage multiple processes in one place. Any unreasonable decision could lead to a problem and affect billions of user operations run in a moment.
Angular became a monolithic framework that predefined programming steps. Even though it enriches the development process with the services, controllers and modules, it dictates its own way of thinking and working. That places a distance between programmer and framework.
Along with that, there are a few other factors that make Angular less accessible:
Apparently, the learning curve is very high. Unlike React.js, Angular demands more OOP-related experience from developers. That worked for Google, considering their team's high expertise. Angular was envisioned as an end-to-end solution and was compatible with their advanced programming culture.
Despite the complexity of the architecture, Angular has its indisputable benefits:
Angular is enriched with many other valuable features, like UI Material, making it possible to reuse the code of components in other parts of the project, but this is similar to what React offers too.
Experienced front-end developers share that Angular fits well with enterprise solutions and the corporate sector when React.js is a better choice for early-stage startups and smaller companies. This could be explained that big business does not change their priorities very often and the strategic goals are known to their CTOs far earlier.
The main point you could take from our overview is to remember that Angular is a better option for long-term projects requiring reliability above anything else. Besides others mentioned in the list, a few more companies are using Angular: Microsoft Office, Deutsche Bank and Samsung.
React.js even doesn't call itself a framework but a JS library. Unlike Angular, React.js makes it a developer's responsibility to set a project structure, find relevant services for HTTP routing, and so on. At this point, React's ideology is to be agile and provide developers with absolute freedom. As a result, it leads to minimizing the project's size from start, as they could involve those libraries that they need by a certain time.
Let's imagine that you are the only front-end developer on the project, or there are just a few. The main goals are set for the shortest perspective here. You should be both fast and productive, be able to adjust to startup goals. The straight rules and architecture demands of Angular will slow down the process of development.
So, following single policies is not a major priority for the React.js community. In fact, this is straight opposite to Angular.
It is worth mentioning, React.js couldn't work alone, as it is only the View (V) and needs an engine for data processing. A developer needs to figure out its implementation, manage with Redux and Saga, and arrange that individually.
The current situation is next: if anything has been changed in a user browser while clicking on a page, these changes will be automatically recorded to the DOM. To show the changes on the web-page, the browser should reload the entire DOM structure. It brings more loads to the browser and slows down the performance of the application.
React.js innovations in performanceReact.js creates a snapshot of the DOM, which is named the virtual DOM (VDOM). Every new change in the UI component is to be recorded to the new virtual DOM first, not the regular one. React.js compares the new version of the VDOM and determines if those changes were essential to update the browser's DOM. If the changes were essential, React.js updates the DOM with the latest portion of changes.
React.js has such computing algorithms that allow it to decide when to update the DOM in the browser. That makes front-end applications very performative. Unlucky, Angular doesn't have anything similar to this feature.
It is time to say: React.js dominates in the front-end development area today.
The discussions like 'Angular vs. React' are obviously coming to an end because of the React.js win. Nowadays, the community is much interested in other frameworks like Vue.js and comparison of that kind will be more actual today.
Previously published at https://brocoders.com/blog/react-vs-angular-who-wins-the-competition/
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