Hackernoon logoHow to use yarn in a project, without installing yarn by@eiriksletteberg

How to use yarn in a project, without installing yarn

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@eirikslettebergEirik Sletteberg

It’s nice to be able to use yarn instead of npm on a CI server, but often you need root access to npm install -g yarn. Here is a bash script you can use, to install yarn (if not present) and then run “yarn”:

#!/bin/bash
# Choose which version of yarn you want to use
EXPECTED_YARN_VERSION="0.16.1"

function install_yarn
{
mkdir -p .yarn
DOWNLOAD_URL="https://github.com/yarnpkg/yarn/releases/download/v$EXPECTED_YARN_VERSION/yarn-v$EXPECTED_YARN_VERSION.tar.gz"
echo "Downloading from $DOWNLOAD_URL"
curl -fL $DOWNLOAD_URL > .yarn/yarn.tar.gz
tar zxf .yarn/yarn.tar.gz --strip-components=1 -C .yarn
}

if [ -f .yarn/bin/yarn ]; then
YARN_VERSION=$(node -e 'const fs = require("fs"); console.log(JSON.parse(fs.readFileSync(".yarn/package.json")).version);')
if [ "$YARN_VERSION" != "$EXPECTED_YARN_VERSION" ]; then
echo "The yarn version is $YARN_VERSION, expected $EXPECTED_YARN_VERSION. Re-downloading"
rm -rf .yarn
install_yarn
fi
else
echo "The file .yarn/bin/yarn does not exist, installing yarn".
install_yarn
fi

./.yarn/bin/yarn

The script will:

  1. Create a folder “.yarn” in your working directory, where it will download yarn itself (It can be a good idea to gitignore this directory if you don’t want to explicitly commit it)
  2. Check if yarn is already installed. If it is already installed, check which version of yarn is installed. If it’s the wrong version, then it will delete this version.
  3. Attempt to download the correct version of yarn.
  4. Run yarn.

Things you can tweak in the script

  1. Change EXPECTED_YARN_VERSION to another version if you want a newer or older yarn release to be used.
  2. Instead of downloading yarn every time it’s not present, you can commit the whole .yarn folder into the git repository, so that it is already present for the CI server to use.
  3. Change the download URL, if you want to host the yarn tar.gz file on a local proxy, like Nexus.
  4. Change the last command, so it can run yarn with arguments.

Good luck!

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