Too Long; Didn't Read
HLS Live Streaming is a popular streaming technology by Apple called HLS (Http Live Streaming) It works by taking a video file in the specified format and breaking it into smaller pieces called segments. A playlist is created that contains these segments in the playback order. Multiple versions of the segments are created for different network speeds. This results in the real world action captured by the camera showing up delayed on the video player. This delay between the live stream host (real world) and the audience (live) is called latency.