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How to Build an AI Chatbot with Python and Gemini APIby@proflead
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How to Build an AI Chatbot with Python and Gemini API

by Vladislav GuzeyJune 10th, 2024
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This guide walks you through building a web-based AI chatbot using Python and the Gemini API. From setting up your environment to running your chatbot, you'll learn each step to create your own AI assistant.
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In this article, we are going to do something really cool: we will build a chatbot using Python and the Gemini API. This will be a web-based assistant and could be the beginning of your own AI project. It's beginner-friendly, and I will guide you through it step-by-step. By the end, you'll have your own AI assistant!

What You'll Need

  • IDE (I recommend Visual Studio Code)
  • Gemini API key
  • Python
  • Python libraries

Download IDE - VS code

You can use any IDE you like, but if you don’t have one, please download VS Code. It’s really powerful and easy to use. Here's the link:  https://code.visualstudio.com/download


Download IDE - VS code


Gemini API

Create a Google Cloud Project

Before we obtain an API key, we need to create a project in Google Cloud. To create a project, please follow this link: https://console.cloud.google.com/cloud-resource-manager


Create a Google Cloud Project


After the project is created, we are ready to request an API key.

How to Get Gemini API Key

To get the API key, visit <https://aistudio.google.com/app/apikey](https://aistudio.google.com/app/apikey) and click on the "Create API key" button.

How to Get Gemini API Key

Then, select the project that you created in the previous step from the drop-down menu and click "Generate API key”.


How to Get Gemini API Key

Copy the key; we’ll need it in the next steps.

Install Python

Windows: Download the installer from https://www.python.org/downloads/windows/

Install Python


Linux (Ubuntu/Debian): Use this command in your terminal window:

sudo apt-get install python3


Linux (Ubuntu/Debian)

Install Python Libraries

For the next steps, you need to use the terminal. If you are on Windows, you can use https://apps.microsoft.com/detail/9n0dx20hk701?rtc=1&hl=en-us

Install PIP

After we set up Python, we need to set up the pip package installer for Python.

sudo apt install python3-pip


Install PIP

Set Up a Virtual Environment

The next step is to set up virtual environments for our project to manage dependencies separately.


Use this command:

sudo apt install python3-venv


The command python3 -m venv myprojectenv is used to create a virtual environment for a Python project:

python3 -m venv myprojectenv


The command source myprojectenv/bin/activate is used to activate the virtual environment:

source myprojectenv/bin/activate

Install LangChain

LangChain is a framework designed to simplify the creation of applications using large language models.

Use this command:

pip install langchain-core


Install LangChain-Google-GenAI

Use this command:

pip install langchain-google-genai


This package contains the LangChain integrations for Gemini through their generative-ai SDK.

Once you’ve done that, we are ready to go to the next steps.

Install Flask

Once the virtual environment is activated, we can use pip to set up Flask.


Use this command:

pip install Flask

Create a ChatBot with the Python Flask Framework

First, let’s create a directory for our app.


Use these commands:

mkdir myflaskapp

cd myflaskapp


Inside the directory, create a file for our app and call it "app.py".

Create a ChatBot with the Python Flask Framework

Then add the following content:

from flask import Flask

app = Flask(name)

@app.route('/')

def home():

    return "Hello, Flask!"

if name == 'main':

    app.run(debug=True)


To make sure that our app is working fine, let’s run it.


Use this command:

python3 app.py


If everything is okay, you will be able to access your Flask app at http://127.0.0.1:5000.

Create an HTML Page for the Flask App

You can create your own HTML or use the example provided.

You can download it from here: <https://github.com/proflead/gemini-flask-app/blob/master/web/index.html](https://github.com/proflead/gemini-flask-app/blob/master/web/index.html)


You will need 2 JavaScript files:

  • To communicate with the Gemini API: <https://github.com/proflead/gemini-flask-app/blob/master/web/gemini-api.js](https://github.com/proflead/gemini-flask-app/blob/master/web/gemini-api.js)
  • And <https://github.com/proflead/gemini-flask-app/blob/master/web/main.js](https://github.com/proflead/gemini-flask-app/blob/master/web/main.js) To format the output result on the page without reloading the page.

Change app.py

Let’s modify our app.py file with the following code:

You can copy the code from here: https://github.com/proflead/gemini-flask-app/blob/master/app.py


Once you are ready, run this command in the project folder:

python3 app.py


If you did everything correctly, you will be able to see your ChatBot.

Video Tutorial: AI Chatbot using Python and Gemini API

Visit my YouTube Channel

Conclusion

As you can see, building a chatbot with Python and the Gemini API is not that difficult. You can further improve it by adding styles, extra functions, or even vision recognition. If you run into any issues, feel free to leave a comment explaining your problem, and I'll try to help you.

Cheers! :)