Everything You Need to Know About Javascript Arraysby@smpnjn
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Everything You Need to Know About Javascript Arrays

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Below is a list of pretty much any action you would want to perform on an array, and how to do it in Javascript. If you have any more ideas, let me know in the comments below. You can also read about inserting at an index in detail in detail [here] Here is an example of how to insert an item into an array at a specific index in Javascript using the 'splice()' and 'indexOf' function. The ES6 version for modern browsers and Node.JS is available in ES6 and NodeJS.

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With arrays, there are usually a set number of specific things you want to achieve. Below is a list of pretty much any action you would want to perform on an array, and how to do it in Javascript. If you have any more, let me know in the comments below!


1. Find the Index of an Element by Value

Use indexOf:


let arr1 = [ 'potato', 'banana', 'ravioli', 'carrot' ];
    
// Returns 1
console.log(arr1.indexOf('banana'));

// Returns -1 since not found
console.log(arr1.indexOf('beetroot')); 


2. Delete at Index

Use splice():


let arr1 = [ 'potato', 'banana', 'ravioli', 'carrot' ];
    
// Returns [ 'banana', 'ravioli', 'carrot' ], since potato has index 0.
arr1.splice(0, 1);
console.log(arr1);


3. Delete at Index by Value

Use splice() and indexOf:


let arr1 = [ 'potato', 'banana', 'ravioli', 'carrot' ];
let itemIndex = arr1.indexOf('ravioli');

// Returns [ 'potato', 'banana', 'carrot' ], since ravioli has an index of 2
arr1.splice(itemIndex, 1);
console.log(arr1);


4. Get the last element of an array

Use arr.length() - 1:


let arr1 = [ 'potato', 'banana', 'ravioli', 'carrot' ];
    
// Returns carrot
console.log(arr1[arr1.length - 1]);


5. Insert at Index

Use splice(). You can also read about inserting at an index in detail here.


let arr1 = [ 'potato', 'banana', 'ravioli', 'carrot' ];

// Inserts broccoli at position 2, after deleting 0 items
arr1.splice(2, 0, 'broccoli');

// Returns [ 'potato', 'banana', 'ravioli', 'brccoli', 'carrot' ]
console.log(arr1);


6. Remove the last element of the array

Use pop():


let arr1 = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ];
    
// Returns 6
console.log(arr1.pop()); 
    
// Returns [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ] - last element is removed
console.log(arr1);


7. Change all values of an array in the same way

Use map():


let arr1 = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ];
    
let newArr = arr1.map(function(arrElement) {
    return arrElement + 3;
})

// ES6 version for modern browsers and NodeJS
let anotherVersion = arr1.map( el => el + 3);
    
// Returns [ 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 ] for both
console.log(newArr);
console.log(anotherVersion);


8. Turn a string, map, or set into an array

Use Array.from():


let newSet = new Set([ 'orange', 'apple', 'potato', 'spinach' ]);
let newMap = new Map([ 'orange', 'apple', 'potato', 'spinach' ]);
let newString = 'apple';
    
console.log(Array.from(newSet)); // Returns [ 'orange', 'apple', 'potato', 'spinach' ]
console.log(Array.from(newMap)); // Returns [ 'orange', 'apple', 'potato', 'spinach' ]
console.log(Array.from(newString)); // Returns [ 'a', 'p', 'p', 'l', 'e' ]


9. Check if it is an array

Use Array.isArray():


let arr1 = [ 'orange', 'apple', 'potato', 'spinach' ];
let obj1 = { myKey: "myValue" }
    
console.log(Array.isArray(arr1)); // Returns true
console.log(Array.isArray(obj1)); // Returns false


10. Check every element in an Array

Use forEach:


let arr1 = [ 'orange', 'apple', 'potato', 'spinach' ];

arr1.forEach(function(item) {
    console.log(item); // Returns each array item individually
});


11. Merge two arrays

Use ... or concat:


let arr1 = [ 'orange', 'apple' ];
let arr2 = [ 'potato', 'spinach' ];

// For legacy browsers (ES5);
// Returns [ 'orange', 'apple', 'potato', 'spinach' ]; 
let someArray = arr1.concat(object);
    
// For modern Javascript (ES6/NodeJS)
// Returns [ 'orange', 'apple', 'potato', 'spinach' ]; 
let someOtherArray = [ ...arr1, ...arr2 ];


12. Turn object names into an array

Use Object.keys:


let object = { 
    name1: "value",
    name2: "value",
    name3: "value"
};

// Returns [ 'name1', 'name2', 'name3' ]; 
let array = Object.keys(object);


13. Turn object values into arrays

Use Object.values:


let object = { 
    name1: "value",
    name2: "value",
    name3: "value"
};

// Returns [ 'value', 'value', 'value' ]; 
let array = Object.values(object);


14. Reverse an Array

Use reverse():


let arr1 = [ 'potato', 'banana', 'carrot' ];

arr1.reverse();
    
// Returns [ 'carrot', 'banana', 'potato' ]
console.log(arr1);


15. Sum all Elements in an Array

Use reduce():


let arr1 = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ];

// For legacy browsers
let getTotal = arr1.reduce(function (accumulator, currentNumber) {
    return accumulator + currentNumber
});

// ES6 for modern browsers and NodeJS
let theTotal = arr1.reduce((accumulator, currentNumber) => accumulator + currentNumber);
    
// Returns 15
console.log(getTotal);


16. Add an Element to the end of an array

Use push():


let arr1 = [ 'banana', 'potato' ];

arr1.push('broccoli');

// Returns [ 'banana', 'potato', 'broccoli' ]
console.log(arr1);


17. Check if every element of an array passes a test

Use every()


let arr1 = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ];

// Will return true and console log 'great'
if(arr1.every(value => value < 10)) {
    console.log('great!')
}



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