Building Progressive Web Application (PWA) with Angular by@rodrigokamada

Building Progressive Web Application (PWA) with Angular

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Rodrigo Kamada HackerNoon profile picture

Rodrigo Kamada

Software developer with experience in Node.js, Java, Angular, Bootstrap, Ionic, MongoDB, MySQL, Redis, Kafka and Docker.

Introduction

Angular is a development platform for building WEB, mobile and desktop applications using HTML, CSS and TypeScript (JavaScript). Currently, Angular is at version 13 and Google is the main maintainer of the project.

Progressive Web Application (PWA) is a hybrid application built with common WEB technologies such as HTML, CSS and JavaScript, that is, it works on computers and mobile phones compatible with the main browsers with the usability of a native mobile application.

@angular/pwa is a library with Angular service worker support that provides a user experience as if the application were designed to run on your operating system and hardware.

Prerequisites

Before you start, you need to install and configure the tools:

Getting started

Create the Angular application

1. Let's create the application with the Angular base structure using the @angular/cli with the route file and the SCSS style format.

ng new angular-pwa --routing true --style scss
CREATE angular-pwa/README.md (1056 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/.editorconfig (274 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/.gitignore (620 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/angular.json (3237 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/package.json (1075 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/tsconfig.json (863 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/.browserslistrc (600 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/karma.conf.js (1428 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/tsconfig.app.json (287 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/tsconfig.spec.json (333 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/.vscode/extensions.json (130 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/.vscode/launch.json (474 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/.vscode/tasks.json (938 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/favicon.ico (948 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/index.html (296 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/main.ts (372 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/polyfills.ts (2338 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/styles.scss (80 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/test.ts (745 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/assets/.gitkeep (0 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/environments/environment.prod.ts (51 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/environments/environment.ts (658 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/app/app-routing.module.ts (245 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/app/app.module.ts (393 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/app/app.component.scss (0 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/app/app.component.html (23364 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/app/app.component.spec.ts (1088 bytes)
CREATE angular-pwa/src/app/app.component.ts (216 bytes)
✔ Packages installed successfully.
    Successfully initialized git.

2. Install and configure the Bootstrap CSS framework. Do steps 2 and 3 of the post Adding the Bootstrap CSS framework to an Angular application.

3. Add the @angular/pwd library to set up the Angular service worker.

ng add @angular/pwa
ℹ Using package manager: npm
✔ Found compatible package version: @angular/[email protected]
✔ Package information loaded.

The package @angular/[email protected] will be installed and executed.
Would you like to proceed? Yes
✔ Package successfully installed.
CREATE ngsw-config.json (631 bytes)
CREATE src/manifest.webmanifest (1346 bytes)
CREATE src/assets/icons/icon-128x128.png (1253 bytes)
CREATE src/assets/icons/icon-144x144.png (1394 bytes)
CREATE src/assets/icons/icon-152x152.png (1427 bytes)
CREATE src/assets/icons/icon-192x192.png (1790 bytes)
CREATE src/assets/icons/icon-384x384.png (3557 bytes)
CREATE src/assets/icons/icon-512x512.png (5008 bytes)
CREATE src/assets/icons/icon-72x72.png (792 bytes)
CREATE src/assets/icons/icon-96x96.png (958 bytes)
UPDATE angular.json (3621 bytes)
UPDATE package.json (1615 bytes)
UPDATE src/app/app.module.ts (804 bytes)
UPDATE src/index.html (509 bytes)
✔ Packages installed successfully.

Note:

The files ngsw-config.jsonsrc/manifest.webmanifest and icons were added and the files angular.jsonpackage.jsonsrc/app/app.module.ts and src/index.html were changed to the application.

  • ngsw-config.jsonService worker configuration file allows you to configure cache strategy and files and other configurations.
  • src/manifest.webmanifest: Application configuration file or WEB app manifest file allows you to configure the name, colors, icons and other configurations.
  • angular.json: The service worker configuration was added.
  • package.json: The @angular/service-worker library was added.
  • src/app/app.module.ts: The service worker configuration was added.
  • src/index.html: Manifest file configuration and theme color was added.

4. Remove the contents of the AppComponent class from the src/app/app.component.ts file. Create the updateOnlineStatus method to check the browser connection status as below.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.scss'],
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

  isOnline: boolean;

  constructor() {
    this.isOnline = false;
  }

  public ngOnInit(): void {
    this.updateOnlineStatus();

    window.addEventListener('online',  this.updateOnlineStatus.bind(this));
    window.addEventListener('offline', this.updateOnlineStatus.bind(this));
  }

  private updateOnlineStatus(): void {
    this.isOnline = window.navigator.onLine;
    console.info(`isOnline=[${this.isOnline}]`);
  }

}

5. Remove the contents of the src/app/app.component.html file. Add the HTML code to display the browser connection status as below.

<div class="container-fluid py-3">
  <h1>Angular Progressive Web Application (PWA)</h1>

  <div class="row my-5">
    <div class="col text-end">
      Status:
    </div>
    <div class="col">
      <span class="badge bg-success" *ngIf="isOnline">Online</span>
      <span class="badge bg-danger" *ngIf="!isOnline">Offline</span>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

6. Run the application with the command below.

npm start

> [email protected] start
> ng serve

✔ Browser application bundle generation complete.

Initial Chunk Files   | Names         |  Raw Size
vendor.js             | vendor        |   2.05 MB | 
styles.css, styles.js | styles        | 486.85 kB | 
polyfills.js          | polyfills     | 339.20 kB | 
scripts.js            | scripts       |  76.33 kB | 
main.js               | main          |  10.71 kB | 
runtime.js            | runtime       |   6.86 kB | 

                      | Initial Total |   2.95 MB

Build at: 2022-01-01T17:33:35.241Z - Hash: 1e50e703667ef1c0 - Time: 3557ms

** Angular Live Development Server is listening on localhost:4200, open your browser on http://localhost:4200/ **


✔ Compiled successfully.

7. Access the URL http://localhost:4200/ and check if the application is working.

image

8. Change the contents of the AppComponent class from the src/app/app.component.ts file. Import the SwUpdate service and create the updateVersion and closeVersion methods to check for available updates for the application as below.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { SwUpdate, VersionReadyEvent } from '@angular/service-worker';
import { filter, map } from 'rxjs/operators';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.scss'],
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

  isOnline: boolean;
  modalVersion: boolean;

  constructor(private swUpdate: SwUpdate) {
    this.isOnline = false;
    this.modalVersion = false;
  }

  public ngOnInit(): void {
    this.updateOnlineStatus();

    window.addEventListener('online',  this.updateOnlineStatus.bind(this));
    window.addEventListener('offline', this.updateOnlineStatus.bind(this));

    if (this.swUpdate.isEnabled) {
      this.swUpdate.versionUpdates.pipe(
        filter((evt: any): evt is VersionReadyEvent => evt.type === 'VERSION_READY'),
        map((evt: any) => {
          console.info(`currentVersion=[${evt.currentVersion} | latestVersion=[${evt.latestVersion}]`);
          this.modalVersion = true;
        }),
      );
    }
  }

  private updateOnlineStatus(): void {
    this.isOnline = window.navigator.onLine;
    console.info(`isOnline=[${this.isOnline}]`);
  }

  public updateVersion(): void {
    this.modalVersion = false;
    window.location.reload();
  }

  public closeVersion(): void {
    this.modalVersion = false;
  }

}

9. Change the contents of the src/app/app.component.html file. Add the HTML code to display if there are updates available for the application as below.

<div class="container-fluid py-3">
  <h1>Angular Progressive Web Application (PWA)</h1>

  <div class="row my-5">
    <div class="col text-end">
      Status:
    </div>
    <div class="col">
      <span class="badge bg-success" *ngIf="isOnline">Online</span>
      <span class="badge bg-danger" *ngIf="!isOnline">Offline</span>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

<div class="w-100 position-absolute top-0" *ngIf="modalVersion">
  <div class="alert alert-secondary m-2">
    <button type="button" class="btn-close position-absolute top-0 end-0 m-1" aria-label="Close" (click)="closeVersion()"></button>
    A new version of this app is available. <a href="" (click)="updateVersion()">Update now</a>
  </div>
</div>

10. Access the URL http://localhost:4200/ and check if the application is working.

image

11. Install the @angular/cdk library.

npm install @angular/cdk

12. Change the contents of the AppComponent class from the src/app/app.component.ts file. Import the Platform service and create the loadModalPwaaddToHomeScreen and closePwa methods to check the operational system and the browser and display how to add the application as below.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Platform } from '@angular/cdk/platform';
import { SwUpdate, VersionReadyEvent } from '@angular/service-worker';
import { filter, map } from 'rxjs/operators';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.scss'],
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

  isOnline: boolean;
  modalVersion: boolean;
  modalPwaEvent: any;
  modalPwaPlatform: string|undefined;

  constructor(private platform: Platform,
              private swUpdate: SwUpdate) {
    this.isOnline = false;
    this.modalVersion = false;
  }

  public ngOnInit(): void {
    this.updateOnlineStatus();

    window.addEventListener('online',  this.updateOnlineStatus.bind(this));
    window.addEventListener('offline', this.updateOnlineStatus.bind(this));

    if (this.swUpdate.isEnabled) {
      this.swUpdate.versionUpdates.pipe(
        filter((evt: any): evt is VersionReadyEvent => evt.type === 'VERSION_READY'),
        map((evt: any) => {
          console.info(`currentVersion=[${evt.currentVersion} | latestVersion=[${evt.latestVersion}]`);
          this.modalVersion = true;
        }),
      );
    }

    this.loadModalPwa();
  }

  private updateOnlineStatus(): void {
    this.isOnline = window.navigator.onLine;
    console.info(`isOnline=[${this.isOnline}]`);
  }

  public updateVersion(): void {
    this.modalVersion = false;
    window.location.reload();
  }

  public closeVersion(): void {
    this.modalVersion = false;
  }

  private loadModalPwa(): void {
    if (this.platform.ANDROID) {
      window.addEventListener('beforeinstallprompt', (event: any) => {
        event.preventDefault();
        this.modalPwaEvent = event;
        this.modalPwaPlatform = 'ANDROID';
      });
    }

    if (this.platform.IOS && this.platform.SAFARI) {
      const isInStandaloneMode = ('standalone' in window.navigator) && ((<any>window.navigator)['standalone']);
      if (!isInStandaloneMode) {
        this.modalPwaPlatform = 'IOS';
      }
    }
  }

  public addToHomeScreen(): void {
    this.modalPwaEvent.prompt();
    this.modalPwaPlatform = undefined;
  }

  public closePwa(): void {
    this.modalPwaPlatform = undefined;
  }

}

13. Change the contents of the src/app/app.component.html file. Add the HTML code to display how to add the application as below.

<div class="container-fluid py-3">
  <h1>Angular Progressive Web Application (PWA)</h1>

  <div class="row my-5">
    <div class="col text-end">
      Status:
    </div>
    <div class="col">
      <span class="badge bg-success" *ngIf="isOnline">Online</span>
      <span class="badge bg-danger" *ngIf="!isOnline">Offline</span>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

<div class="w-100 position-absolute top-0" *ngIf="modalVersion">
  <div class="alert alert-secondary m-2">
    <button type="button" class="btn-close position-absolute top-0 end-0 m-1" aria-label="Close" (click)="closeVersion()"></button>
    A new version of this app is available. <a href="" (click)="updateVersion()">Update now</a>
  </div>
</div>

<div class="w-100 position-absolute bottom-0" *ngIf="modalPwaPlatform === 'ANDROID' || modalPwaPlatform === 'IOS'">
  <div class="alert alert-secondary m-2">
    <button type="button" class="btn-close position-absolute top-0 end-0 m-1" aria-label="Close" (click)="closePwa()"></button>
    <!-- Android -->
    <div *ngIf="modalPwaPlatform === 'ANDROID'" (click)="addToHomeScreen()">
      Add this WEB app to home screen
    </div>
    <!-- iOS with Safari -->
    <div *ngIf="modalPwaPlatform === 'IOS'">
      To install this WEB app on your device, tap the "Menu" button
      <img src="https://res.cloudinary.com/rodrigokamada/image/upload/v1641089482/Blog/angular-pwa/safari_action_button_38x50.png" class="ios-menu m-0" />
      and then "Add to home screen" button
      <i class="bi bi-plus-square"></i>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

14. Add the style in the src/app/app.component.scss file as below.

.ios-menu {
  width: 14px;
}

15. Ready! Access the URL http://localhost:4200/ and check if the application is working. See the application working on GitHub Pages and Stackblitz.

15.1. Android version

image

image

Modal to add to home screen

Confirmation to add to home screen

15.2. iOS version

image

image

Modal to add to home screen

Menu to add to home screen

The application repository is available at https://github.com/rodrigokamada/angular-pwa.

This tutorial was posted on my blog in Portuguese.

Rodrigo Kamada HackerNoon profile picture
by Rodrigo Kamada @rodrigokamada.Software developer with experience in Node.js, Java, Angular, Bootstrap, Ionic, MongoDB, MySQL, Redis, Kafka and Docker.
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