Step back from Bitcoin for a second. Don’t worry — it won’t be for long. _“A mass in movement resists change of direction. So does the world oppose a new idea.” — Nikola Tesla_hackernoon.com Scaling the Office Romance Investors: step back from Bitcoin for a minute In fact, step back from Blockchain, too. Table of Contents The Developing World’s Dilemma A. The Critical Barrier to a Self-Sustaining Village Economy B. Architecting the Self-Sustaining Village Economy C. All Distributed Ledgers Are NOT Created Equal D. The Billionaire’s Dilemma E. The One Blockchain/DLT FABRIC To Rule Them All F. Blockchains/DLTs Worth Mining/Investing In G. Hashgraph Becoming A Public DLT? H. Become an Internet of Value Expert (Videos) I. A. The Developing World’s Dilemma Credit: The Zimbabwean How can you confidently generate wealth if a dictator can at a moment’s notice? What’s your money worth when dictator-driven hyperinflation leads to the creation of a ?? These are just some of the challenges that have hobbled the people of Zimbabwe for almost half a century. steal the title to your land $100 trillion-dollar note The Self-Sustaining Village Economy Credit: Pierre Thiam, A Self-Sustaining Village Economy wouldn’t need politicians to feed its villagers. Instead, the aka aka would empower its villagers to exchange money, solar batteries, food, and even intellectual property with each other paying an expensive middleman to process the transactions. Internet of Value IoT Economy Self-Sustaining Village Economy directly without _Marlin, the startup behind a blockchain-oriented protocol for scaling distributed ledgers while preserving user…_www.unlock-bc.com Marlin unveils Novel Layer 0 Scaling Solution Best of all, if Alice & Bob can food, clothe, and shelter themselves, they won’t need to rely on their government for a Universal Basic Income. That said, there is a preventing us from achieving this utopia. critical barrier B. The Critical Barrier to a Self-Sustaining Village Economy Credit: Maranatha.org The to a fully operational Self-Sustaining Village Economy is a . Why? critical barrier public, permissionless, speedy, efficient, secure, and self-sovereign ID solving Distributed Ledger aka DLT A public DLT can do all of the record-keeping and fact-checking that middle men currently charge us for. Today, even with all of the technology available to us, a whopping TWO BILLION people across the globe still don’t have a bank account. Credit: Asli Demirguc-Kunt and Leora Klapper, Measuring Financial Inclusion A public DLT will make it affordable for each and every villager in Zimbabwe to have a bank account and gain access to other basic financial services. How can you help your daughter if you can’t send her $5? How can your grandchildren if you don’t even have the title to your land? These are just some of the basic problems worth solving that DLTs address. Photo Credit: Asli Demirguc-Kunt and Leora Klapper, Measuring Financial Inclusion For many middle men, the prospect of being replaced by a public DLT represents an . Never before has a single technology threatened the livelihoods of so many powerful global institutions. On the other hand, those middle men that have embraced DLTs have surprised everyone by reinvigorating their cash cows. existential crisis Western Union Shows That Defense Is The Best Offense (See Update) Case in point, Western Union used to charge anywhere from 10–20% to transfer money across borders. When they saw that blockchains/DLTs were going to threaten their core business, they (updated) with . This aggressive move allowed them to drop their fees and . tested an integration DLT-powered Ripple grow their market share in ways they never dreamed of Western Union Quietly Prepares for the Crypto-Era (Update: Dec 13 2017) “Unfortunately, there seems to be far more opportunity out there than ability…. We should remember that good fortune often happens when opportunity meets with preparation.” ― Thomas A. Edison A few years ago, Western Union piloted a Ripple integration but decided to end the project due to “lack of adoption.” Now that adoption isn’t a problem, Western Union is playing their cards, one, by one, by one. (1) They recently integrated with , Coinbase one of the most popular places to convert dollars into cryptocurrencies in the world. (2) In a startling announcement to their haters, . WeChat is the WhatsApp of China and has a . FYI, WeChat is owned by Tencent, a Chinese conglomerate that generated $151B of revenue in 2017. Western Union integrated with WeChat whopping 902 million daily active users That means that every WeChat user will be able to send each other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum via Western Union, no matter where they are in the world…w_hen the timing is right, of course._ And what about Ripple? . Ripple’s got plans of their OWN C. Architecting the Self-Sustaining Village Economy The importance of a lead Mance Harmon, CEO of , to suggest the following that will enable the aka aka Self-Sustaining Village Economy: powerful, feature-rich DLT Swirlds/Hashgraph architecture Internet of Value IoT Economy / on Twitter | Adapted from Harmon’s Michael Jagdeo attractfunding IoT Economy Blockchains like all . Bitcoin, NEO, and Ethereum enable public, Distributed Ledgers Now, Blockchain is ONE way to enable a Distributed Ledger, but there are other emerging approaches/technologies that can enable a Distributed Ledger, too : The real impact of blockchain was always going to be its inspiration. But the first generation algorithm is not efficient or practical for other applications. What the community needs is real research and development that will begin to solve these challenges — not solutions that arbitrarily jam the blockchain algorithm into every pet problem. — Steve Wilson, VP and Principal Analyst, Constellation Research In fact, when you dig deeper, you’ll discover that all blockchains/DLTs are NOT created equal. D. All Distributed Ledgers Are NOT Created Equal / on Twitter Michael Jagdeo attractfunding D1. How Secure is SECURE? Just how secure is secure? Secure as in your DLT is impervious to DDOS attacks? ? Secure as in you have a mathematical proof for quantum security D2. Bitcoin’s a Gas Guzzler Case in point, the Bitcoin blockchain will consume the . Can you imagine a digital currency causing ? energy equivalent of Denmark by 2020 global warming _“A mass in movement resists change of direction. So does the world oppose a new idea.” — Nikola Tesla_hackernoon.com Scaling the Office Romance D3. Immature Blockchains Can Be SLOW Credit: Zilliqa Keynote Energy-efficient scalability isn’t the only issue hampering blockchains. . They can be terribly slow, too The can only process transactions per second. The can only process transactions per second. processes transactions per second and claims they can handle . Bitcoin blockchain seven Ethereum blockchain ten VISA EIGHT THOUSAND OVER 50 THOUSAND TRANSACTIONS PER SECOND Is there a blockchain/DLT that can beat VISA? E. The Billionaire’s Dilemma Amateur Investors wake up in the morning and ask themselves, “ ” Should I buy and hodl more Bitcoin? Intermediate Investors wake up in the morning and ask themselves, “ ” Which cryptocurrency is going to rise the fastest today? A More Lucrative Question ? Which set of interoperable blockchains/DLTs — by solving all of the critical global security, scalability, and speed constraints BETTER than middle men currently do — that enable the aka aka will form the FABRIC OF SOLUTIONS Internet of Value IOT Economy Self-Sustaining Village Economy F. The One Blockchain/DLT FABRIC To Rule Them All It would be simple if the Self-Sustaining Village Economy could be powered by one, single, public, permissionless, speedy, secure, and scalable blockchain/DLT which also solved the . Self-Sovereign Identity problem and there’s nothing to indicate that there will be a single one blockchain/DLT to rule them all. But there isn’t, I think an ecosystem of interoperable blockchains/DLTs will be required. — Naohiro Fujie, Deputy General Manager, CTC (Japan) : In the absence of one single public, permissionless, speedy, secure, and scalable DLT which also solves self-sovereign identity, The solution is clear an interconnected, interoperable fabric of blockchains/DLTs will fill the solution gap. F1. Self-Sovereign Identification Leaders Matthew De Silva, EthNews If it walks, talks, and acts like a duck, is it a duck? That’s the challenge with . Identity over the internet It’s very difficult to tell people apart when you can’t see them. is the key to unlocking the entire IoT Economy aka Internet of Value aka Self-Sustaining Village Economy. Everyone agrees that a Self-Sovereign Identity Interoperability is one of the biggest concerns for me because we want to use blockchain as a platform for Identity Proofing and it means that we want to be used from 3rd party applications. — Mr. Fujie This is such a difficult challenge that there are specific blockchain solutions that have dedicated their lives to solving the Self-Sovereign Identification problem. Their success will lie in cooperating (aka interoperating) with other blockchains/DLTs to create a fabric of solutions that enable the Internet of Value. , , and all seem to have solved the Self-Sovereign Identification problem. Blockstack Blockstream Sovrin F2. Hashgraph Photo Credit: , Deputy General CTC, Japan, June 2016 Naohiro Fujie Lead by the genius Dr. Leemon, Swirlds claims that their DLT, Hashgraph, can outperform all of the other blockchains and DLTs when it comes to speed, security, and scalability. As an Identity Guy [manufacturer of Identity Solutions], I’m always searching for ways to address problems worth solving in Identity, i.e. there aren’t any good ways to make strong proof for employees/civics/students identities. In 2016, one of largest Identity Product vendors called made an announcement that they would work with Swirlds. I heard about the concepts behind hashgraph and found them to be one of the solutions that I’d been searching for a long time for. — Mr. Fujie Ping Identity However, unless they (nobody but Dr. Leemon knows if that’s possible), we have to consider other alternatives. bring their private, permissioned Hashgraph DLT into the public F3. IOTA IOTA is another emerging DLT innovator that claims its public solution is . As always, to the most adopted solution go the spoils. quantum-immune F4. Zilliqa Zilliqa, emerging from the accomplished National University of Singapore team lead by Dr. Prateek, recently announced that their blockchain platform could outperform Ethereum in terms of scalability and speed by 1000x. _“A mass in movement resists change of direction. So does the world oppose a new idea.” — Nikola Tesla_hackernoon.com Scaling the Office Romance G. Blockchains/DLTs Worth Mining/Investing In for a public, speedy, secure, and scalable blockchain solution (if had as many miners as Ethereum does — roughly 30,000 — ). Zilliqa Zilliqa it would process about a thousand times the transaction rates of Ethereum for same reasons as Zilliqa plus “IOTA uses an innovative new protocol, known as the Tangle.” IOTA quantum-proof for a private, speedy, secure and scalable DLT solution (banks, ). — can it become a PUBLIC ledger? Hashgraph credit unions Trillion-dollar question , and for the Self-Sovereign Identity problem. Blockstream , Blockstack Sovrin H. Hashgraph Becoming A Public DLT? “We are going to be talking about a PUBLIC ledger with a token or a cryptocurrency in the near future.” ( ) Dr. Leemon, Hashgraph Source: Is a public hashgraph really an alternative to PoW and PoS? Reddit I. Become an Internet of Value Expert (Videos) This post was inspired by a conversation with a Core Developer from Zilliqa following . this post These videos will get you up to speed. PS — Don’t sleep on Ripple. : HMW transition to Internet of Value? Don Tapscott Internet of Value 101 : Self-Sovereign Identity — Ryan Shea, Blockstack Internet of Value 201 : Self-Sovereign Identity — Christopher Allen, Blockstream Internet of Value 202 : Scalability — Christel Quek, Zilliqa Internet of Value 301 / on Twitter Michael Jagdeo attractfunding Bonus! Dr. Leemon Baird, Hashgraph’s inventor, achieved his PhD from Carnegie Mellon in record time. It takes a mind like that to create a fourth generation DLT. Got me to thinking. Whose to say there won’t be a more efficient algorithm tomorrow? And the next day? And with every new incremental improvement, a new ICO to invest in? Q3) Will better and better consensus algorithms/DLTs continue to emerge in what might be compared to a global math competition? If so, how can Investors, Miners, and DApp Developers adapt/survive? For question3, this is difficult question I think, so there is no clear answer so far. I think it is not a problem of consensus algorithms but a problem of how to be a defact and to be a defact, existence of major service(s) are most important thing as well as BitCoin for current blockchain. — Mr. Fujie Suddenly, a new contender has emerged.